To combat climate
change it is necessary to reduce reliance on fossil fuels, cut short green
house emission and incorporate mitigation and adaptation strategies, having
particularly focus on energy (alternate and its efficient use).
- It is strongly
recommended to develop a “National
Adaptation Program of Action,” specific to all focus areas including
- Non-efficient use of
energy resources by consumer is an area of concern for Pakistan. There
is need to promote sustainable energy consumption by applying informative
instruments like price incentives/ regulatory pressures (interventions), energy
conservation, energy security, promotion of energy efficient appliances,
awareness raising through media involvement.
- Light Emitting Diodes
(LEDs) panels should be promoted that have power efficiency of above 80% as
compared to ordinary energy saver and mercury bulb (which when broken emits
hazardous and toxic mercury vapors).
- Communities should
be encouraged to use Energy Efficient Cooking Stoves (EECS) which is a new
climate change adaptation technology and a good replacement of traditional
stoves. These new stoves are cost effective, involves local material, can be
mass produced and reduce a family’s fuel needs by upto 30-40 percent. They also
lessens the risk of eye and respiratory problems, improves air quality, keeps
homes warmer in winter, have better temperature control and reduces the women
and children’s’ workload of collecting firewood for cooking and heating.
- Community level bio-gas
plants should be encouraged in our villages and countryside to reduce
dependence on fire-wood and natural gas for domestic cooking and heating.
- Cultivation of oil
rich plants like mustard, jatropha and rapeseed should be increased and
bio-diesel production and consumption should be initiated to decrease
dependence on imported petroleum in transport sector.
- Presently fertilizer
industry utilizing 47% of our natural gas reserve. This burden can be shared by
importing the fertilizer from Iran,
Qatar and Turkmenistan to
preserve our natural gas for other sectors having no alternates.
- Use of solar energy
for industrial, commercial and domestic water heating should be encouraged.
Also research on electric vehicles be initiated in Universities
- Construction of
small hydel power generation plants should be started immediately to tap the
vast hydel potential of Pakistan.
- Formation of BEE
(Bureau of Energy Efficiency) is highly recommended immediately to start application
on energy conservation.
- All power projects
may provide 0.1% of the project cost towards improving engineering education in
energy related disciplines in the universities. This fund would be supervised
by a committee under the Energy Wing (HEC)
- “Energy Conservation
Act” for all public and private energy intensive sectors be developed and
implemented and energy audit by accredited energy auditors should be made
recommendations were presented by speakers mentioned below at a seminar /panel
discussion held at SDPI, Islamabad.
the Event: Climate Change
Adaptation through Promotion of Alternate Energy and Energy Efficient
Technologies in Pakistan.
Monday: May 02, 2011
- Mr Abdul Rasheed
Khan, Senior Advisor, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of Pakistan
- Dr. Mahmood A.
Khwaja, Senior Advisor, SDPI
- Col. Rashid Iqbal
Ansari, Deputy Commandant, EME
- Ahmed Nadeem
Siddiqui, Project Director, National Institute of Electronics (NIE)
- Munawar A.Sheikh, Pakistan Council for Renewable Energy Technology (PCRET)
- Bakht Muhammad, Sahara Welfare Foundation (SWF), Malakand
- Babar Khan, National
Integrated and Development Association (NIDA) Pakistan, Besham, Kohistan
- Javeriya Hasan,
Research Associate, SDPI
- Anusha Sherazi,
Project Associate, SDPI