• Taimur Chambers Plot # 10-D (WEST), Fazal-ul-Haq Rd, Islamabad
  • (+92) 51-2278134, (+92) 51-2278135
  • Taimur Chambers Plot # 10-D (WEST), Fazal-ul-Haq Rd, Islamabad
  • (+92) 51-2278134, (+92) 51-2278135

Policy Recommendations Details

To combat climate change it is necessary to reduce reliance on fossil fuels, cut short green house emission and incorporate mitigation and adaptation strategies, having particularly focus on energy (alternate and its efficient use).

Key Recommendations:

  • It is strongly recommended to develop a “National Adaptation Program of Action,” specific to all focus areas including energy.
  • Non-efficient use of energy resources by consumer is an area of concern for Pakistan. There is need to promote sustainable energy consumption by applying informative instruments like price incentives/ regulatory pressures (interventions), energy conservation, energy security, promotion of energy efficient appliances, awareness raising through media involvement.
  • Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) panels should be promoted that have power efficiency of above 80% as compared to ordinary energy saver and mercury bulb (which when broken emits hazardous and toxic mercury vapors).
  • Communities should be encouraged to use Energy Efficient Cooking Stoves (EECS) which is a new climate change adaptation technology and a good replacement of traditional stoves. These new stoves are cost effective, involves local material, can be mass produced and reduce a family’s fuel needs by upto 30-40 percent. They also lessens the risk of eye and res­piratory problems, improves air quality, keeps homes warmer in winter, have better temperature control and reduces the women and children’s’ workload of collecting firewood for cooking and heating.
  • Community level bio-gas plants should be encouraged in our villages and countryside to reduce dependence on fire-wood and natural gas for domestic cooking and heating.
  • Cultivation of oil rich plants like mustard, jatropha and rapeseed should be increased and bio-diesel production and consumption should be initiated to decrease dependence on imported petroleum in transport sector.
  • Presently fertilizer industry utilizing 47% of our natural gas reserve. This burden can be shared by importing the fertilizer from Iran, Qatar and Turkmenistan to preserve our natural gas for other sectors having no alternates.
  • Use of solar energy for industrial, commercial and domestic water heating should be encouraged. Also research on electric vehicles be initiated in Universities
  • Construction of small hydel power generation plants should be started immediately to tap the vast hydel potential of Pakistan.
  • Formation of BEE (Bureau of Energy Efficiency) is highly recommended immediately to start application on energy conservation.
  • All power projects may provide 0.1% of the project cost towards improving engineering education in energy related disciplines in the universities. This fund would be supervised by a committee under the Energy Wing (HEC)
  • “Energy Conservation Act” for all public and private energy intensive sectors be developed and implemented and energy audit by accredited energy auditors should be made mandatory.

These recommendations were presented by speakers mentioned below at a seminar /panel discussion held at SDPI, Islamabad.

Tile of the Event: Climate Change Adaptation through Promotion of Alternate Energy and Energy Efficient Technologies in Pakistan.

Date Monday: May 02, 2011

No of Participants: 33


  • Mr Abdul Rasheed Khan, Senior Advisor, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of Pakistan


  • Dr. Mahmood A. Khwaja, Senior Advisor, SDPI
  • Col. Rashid Iqbal Ansari, Deputy Commandant, EME
  • Ahmed Nadeem Siddiqui, Project Director, National Institute of Electronics (NIE)
  • Munawar A.Sheikh, Pakistan Council for Renewable Energy Technology (PCRET)
  • Bakht Muhammad, Sahara Welfare Foundation (SWF), Malakand
  • Babar Khan, National Integrated and Development Association (NIDA) Pakistan, Besham, Kohistan
  • Javeriya Hasan, Research Associate, SDPI
  • Anusha Sherazi, Project Associate, SDPI