- Provinces need to expedite legislation on the
right to education to provide compulsory education to all children aged 5-16.
Although, some progress has been made on a draft law for Islamabad
in 2011, and one for Punjab in 2012 but, both
these were unrealistic in terms of practical implementation.
- Quality of education also requires immediate
attention as the current levels of learning of children enrolled in public
schools are very low. There must be drastic improvement in teaching methods,
delivery and textbooks for improved measurable learning. Basic learning
outcomes must be specified, measured and reported annually by the government
for devising more implementable policies.
- Educational budget should be increased to at
least four percent of GDP. This increased budget must be complemented with,
introduction of strict financial management, focus on effective and efficient
spending, reduction in leakages and ensuring full utilization of the educational
- There is a need to develop proper feedback
mechanisms at the community level for social accountability in the education
sector. Inefficient service delivery in
education is fueled by lack of accountability by people and proper feedback
- Provision of basic facilities like shelter,
playing facilities, water and usable toilets can increase enrolment in schools.
Transport facilities are virtually non-existent in government schools which
must be addressed particularly for girls.
- In all provinces, girls’ enrollment in schools is
very low as compared to boys’, particularly in FATA and Balochistan where the difference
is most significant. Special attention should be given and resources be
allocated to increase enrollment of girls in schools.
- While there is a need to increase enrollment in
schools, attention must also be given to stop massive drop outs from schools.
It is observed that as the class level increases, the enrollment ratio sharply
decreases while the dropouts continue to rise.
- Teaching in regional languages and in the mother
tongue must also be given due importance in educational planning.
- Discrimination against religious minorities is
prevalent in the form of pejorative textbooks and discriminatory teaching
practices. Efforts must be made to end religious discrimination, provide equal
opportunities and bridge the gaps to ensure quality education for all including
marginalized religious minorities of Pakistan.
These recommendations were presented by the speakers
while discussing right to education at following seminar:-
March 12, 2012
Seminar Hall, 38, Embassy Road,
- Mr. Zafarullah
Khan, Executive Director, Centre for Civic Education, Islamabad
- Mr. Rafeel Wasif,
Research Associate, Idara Taleem-o-Agahi (ITA)
- Mr. Fayyaz Yaseen, Sustainable Development Policy
Institute (SDPI), Islamabad