• Taimur Chambers Plot # 10-D (WEST), Fazal-ul-Haq Rd, Islamabad
  • (+92) 51-2278134, (+92) 51-2278135
  • Taimur Chambers Plot # 10-D (WEST), Fazal-ul-Haq Rd, Islamabad
  • (+92) 51-2278134, (+92) 51-2278135

Policy Recommendations Details

Key issues raised:

  • The impacts of climate change are differently distributed among different regions, classes, occupations and sexes. Area’s of vulnerability to women in climate change includes food insecurity, loss of livelihood, physical and reproductive health, Water and access to resources and basic services etc.
  • In Pakistan, the vulnerability of women to the effects of climate change is largely due to their dependence on natural resources, their responsibility for water and food procurement, involvement in cooking, labor in the field i.e cotton picking and their increased risk exposure during times of disasters and severe weather crisis.
  • Gender dimensions are missing from policy frameworks on climate change at the national level. Pakistan’s upcoming National Policy on Climate Change, both do not have any specific reference to gender issues, whereas the women and children’s are amongst the most vulnerable to various impacts of climate change.
  • There is only one female member in Pakistan’s two Premier bodies on climate change, which are PM Task Force on Environment and Core group on climate change. So when fifty percent of population is excluded in decision making and implementations process, how can it be effective and catering to the needs of most vulnerable segment of the society?
  • Women must be included in climate change discourse because they have different perspectives and experiences to contribute (for example, in implementing adaptation measures).
  • Information Communication Technologies can be helpful in terms of maximizing the participation of women in the designing and implementation of climate change adaptation strategies.

Key Recommendations:

  • Policy framework needs to be restructured to include gender dimension in climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies. Women must be involved in decision making processes to change the discourse on climate change by giving them more choices and resources, including financial independence.
  • The dependency on biomass as the main fuel source in the rural areas means that women and children, as primary end-users, are at the receiving end of energy shortages and energy use-related pollution impacts. According to a UNEP report, traditional biomass and coal is responsible for more than 1.5 million premature deaths each year, half of them children under the age of five, the rest women, in developing countries. So the mitigation programmes must focus on access to non-polluting clean fuels that do not damage peoples’ health.
  • Considering the wide gender digital divide in Pakistan, there is need to equally focus on provision of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to women that can help them to better adapt to climate change induced disasters. Some of the potential areas in this context include the prevention from health risks through awareness raising and capacity building, enhancing food security through strengthening of agriculture systems, improvement of water resource management techniques and ensuring women participation in climate change negotiations.
  • There is lack of authentic scientific data in Pakistan on impacts of climate change on gender. So it becomes more pivotal to collect empirical information on the subject, its critical analysis and inclusion of gender sensitive policies in climate change frame work and most importantly its firm implementation.