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Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

ACTS OF TERROR AND ECONOMIC COST

International terrorism became a prominent tool in political agendas in the late 1960s. A major act of international terrorism occurred on September 11, 2001 in a set of coordinated attacks on the United States.

The US has made the “War on Terrorism” the centerpiece of its global strategy since the attacks on the Pentagon and World Trade Centre. It has proclaimed leadership of a worldwide alliance to exterminate the scourge of terrorism.

But whatever the motives, the act of war, be it an offence, or an act of defence comes at an economic and social cost. There is more than some truth to the fact that often terrorism is rooted in social and economic deprivation.

In the immediate aftermath of the American invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, Al-Qaeda and the Afghan Taliban sought refuge in the Pakistani tribal belt due to the porous international border and started offering resistance to US forces from safe sanctuaries. Socio-economic and politico-religious conditions in the tribal region also favoured these militants.

The world is currently confronting terrorism in its different manifestations. After 9/11, terrorism has abruptly changed the socio-economic and geopolitical situation of the world. Pakistan is also facing the menace of terrorism which is eroding the country’s social structure, economic development and political system. Acts of terror are threatening law and order conditions, violating human rights, damaging basic infrastructure and killing economic opportunities.

In the post-9/11 scenario, effectively checking political violence and terrorism in Pakistan through preventive legal measures remains a challenge at both the state and local levels. The immediate costs of terrorist acts are loss of human lives, destruction of property and infrastructure and curtailment of short-term and eventually, long-term economic activity.

Additionally, terrorism creates uncertainty, reduces confidence and increases risk perception, leading to lower investment and weak economic growth. According to official estimates, Pakistan has suffered a loss of around $35 billion to $40 billion since 2001-02 due to the war on terror. Its economic growth came to a near halt at around 2% in fiscal year 2009, not only as a result of the global financial crisis, but also because of internal issues.

The war on terror and rehabilitation of internally displaced persons consumed a big chunk of the government’s financial resources, widening the fiscal deficit and halting economic growth.

According to experts in international economics, the soft image of a country is like a cashable commodity, as it is an important source of attracting foreign direct investment. FDI fell to $463 million in the first quarter against $1.116 billion during the same period the previous year, a decline of 58.5%.

This article was originally published at: The Express Tribune

The opinions expressed in this article are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint or stance of SDPI.