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Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

Dealing with food insecurity
By: Dr Abid Qaiyum Suleri

World Food Day,
observed earlier this month, is an annual reminder of the importance of
food security and the collective efforts that the global community
should undertake to reduce the menace of poverty and hunger. There are
three pillars of food security, i.e., food availability, socio-economic
access to food, and food utilisation. Till the recent past, the focus of
our policymakers has been on enhancing agricultural production, which
compromised the goals of access to food and food utilisation.

According to a study carried out by the Sustainable Development
Policy Institute, the World Food Programme, the Food and Agriculture
Organisation and the national food security and research ministry,
titled “Food Security Analysis 2013
(FSA 2013), food availability in Pakistan has improved at the macro
level during the last five years. During this period, Pakistan has
emerged as a surplus wheat-producing country, with its production of
rice and maize also increasing. However, there are significant
geographic disparities in food production. While areas in Punjab are
considered the breadbasket of the country, in Balochistan and Fata local
production is far from adequate to meet the needs of the population.

Even in food surplus districts, socio-economic access to food is
restricted by income level. Poverty is often the root cause of food
insecurity because poor households lack the resources to access enough
nutritious food to live a healthy life. The FSA 2013 revealed that more
than half of households in Pakistan derive their main income from
informal, insecure, low-earning livelihoods. The food security of poorer
households is hit hardest by rising food prices. The casual wage labour
rate has not kept up with the price increase of essential food items.
This has led to a situation where half of the Pakistani population (50.6
per cent) is caloric energy deficient i.e., consumes less than adequate
calories required for healthy living, with the situation in
Gilgit-Baltistan, Fata, Balochistan and Sindh being quite serious.

Nationally speaking, only 26.6 per cent of the population has
acceptable food consumption, whilst more than two-thirds are at the
borderline level, meaning they are extremely vulnerable to any internal
or external shock. About 40 per cent of households had experienced a
shock since 2010 and 28 per cent reported that they had problems meeting
basic food needs as a result, peaking at 42.8 per cent in Sindh
followed by Fata and Balochistan. Price hikes followed by natural
disasters and conflict were the main shocks experienced. Such shocks
compel poor families to use coping mechanisms that further erode their
resilience. Some 24.2 per cent reported that women were consuming less
in order to feed children or male family members — an expression of
intra-household discrepancy in food access. Around five per cent of
households resorted to consuming seed stocks reserved for the next
planting season, selling productive assets and removing children from
school.

There is a link between household food security status and education
levels of the household head. Better educated women with more knowledge
of nutrients, food preparation and hygiene are more likely to improve
the nutritional situation of their families. Around 77.1 per cent of
women surveyed for the FSA 2013 had no education compared with 43 per
cent of male heads of households. The figure rises to 83.3 per cent of
women in rural areas.

The challenge of food insecurity
is huge and requires out-of-the-box interventions. Efforts to address
food insecurity and under-nutrition require addressing the social,
economic, educational, agricultural, political and security dimensions
at all levels. In the short to medium term, continued efforts to ensure
sustained food availability, a dedicated focus on social sector services
to improve food utilisation and effective social safety nets are
required to take care of our energy caloric deficient population. In the
long run, a change in paradigm, where food insecurity is considered a
security threat, is required.

Source : http://tribune.com.pk/story/781498/dealing-with-food-insecurity/

This article was originally published at:

The opinions expressed in this article are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint or stance of SDPI.