11:00 am to 1:00 pm
Energy plays a critical role in socio-economic development of a region. According to the United Nations-Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG 7), affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all should be ensured by 2030. Achieving this target would require prompt measures in building energy infrastructure, mainly for renewable energy technologies.
Despite being currently able to generate electricity in a surplus capacity (4000 MW of annual average surplus), around 25% (50 million) of population in Pakistan still do not have access to electricity. The power sector is marked with major inefficiencies, losses, and theft in distribution system. In recent years, Pakistan has observed some of the worst power blackouts due to poor transmission systems, lack of connectivity and poor reliability. Consequently, between 2007 and 2020, the power crisis has cost Pakistan approximately $82 billion in loss GDP.
Sindh has a considerably large potential for renewable energy resources. Currently there are 11 wind and 3 solar under-construction projects in Sindh, and the coastal areas of Karachi has the greater potential for solar and wind energy generation-around 1120 kilometers (km) coastal line for harnessing wind and solar energy. According to the World bank “Variable Renewable Energy Locational Study, it is highlighted that Sindh can generate a total of 6,765 MW of energy through solar and wind by 2025, and around 10,030 MW by 2030. On average, the annual wind speed in along the coastal lines is at height of 30 meters is around 7 m/s which further increases to 9m/s at a height of 60 meters.
To build upon the plan of providing energy access to whole country by 2030 and to ensure that Pakistan remains on track to fulfil its climate goals and targets of Alternate Renewable Energy Policy (ARE) 2019, it remains critical to harness maximum potential of Solar and Wind resources, major improvements in grid systems. Extending existing grid network and transmission lines, however, would require large investment and time, and a better economic and financial approach can be to use indigenous resources of solar and wind through decentralized systems.
Scope and Objectives:
Considering the vast potential of solar and wind in coastal areas of Karachi, there are significant prospects of renewable energy generation, especially through decentralized energy systems. So, this Public-Private Dialogue (PPD) brings together various stakeholders to analyze the challenges of grip capacity and integration, prospects of decentralized systems, socio-economic impacts of renewable energy development in Karachi and how it can support Pakistan’s goal of becoming a low carbon economy.
The key objectives of the PPD are:
- Capacity building on the technical/theoretical potential of Solar and Wind in coastal areas of Karachi, and their potential role in Pakistan’s Capacity Expansion Plan.
- Identifying major limitations, technical challenges, and socio-economic impacts of renewable energy deployment, along with pathway that can be adopted for overcoming these challenges in Karachi.
- Analyzing what strategies, technological development, and policy measures will spur innovation in RE projects along this area, and how it will enable the acceleration towards energy access and climate goals of Pakistan.
Moderator: Dr. Hina Aslam, Research Fellow, SDPI
- Mustafa Syed Haider, Executive Director, Pakistan-China Institute
- Muhammad Farooq, Head of Energy Environment and Sustainability Research, UET Lahore
- Tanveer Mirza, Director Operations & Coordination, UEP Wind power
- Irfan Afzal Mirza, CEO, Resources Limited
- Tauseef H. Farooqi, Chairman, NEPRA