How Can Pakistan Reduce Infant and Child Mortality Rates? A Decomposition Analysis (W-90)

How Can Pakistan Reduce Infant and Child Mortality Rates? A Decomposition Analysis (W-90)

Publication details

  • Saturday | 01 May, 2004
  • Shafqat Shehzad
  • Working Papers
  • 22
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Shafqat Shehzad 2004 Abstract The study explores the determinants of infant and child mortality using aggregate data from the sources of the World Bank for sixty-five developing countries. The objective is to identify the process through which certain developing countries have achieved enormous success in reducing mortality rates despite having lower per capita income than Pakistan. The cross-country comparison estimates various functional forms and tackles the problems of heteroscedasticity and endogeniety. A decomposition analysis shows the relative contribution of various factors responsible for Pakistan's higher than average infant and child mortality rates. The results show that substantial reductions in infant and child mortality rates can be achieved through advancements in female education. Although, there is a causal relationship between income and mortality, the significant impact of income becomes less important than female education when factors are decomposed.  Key words: Infant and child mortality, decomposition analysis, income and education. JEL Classification: I12