Implementing NEQS: Pakistan's Experience in Industrial Pollution Control (W-38)

Implementing NEQS: Pakistan's Experience in Industrial Pollution Control (W-38)

Publication details

  • Tuesday | 01 Sep, 1998
  • Haroon Ayub Khan
  • Working Papers
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Haroon Ayub Khan, SDPI 1998 Introduction A pollution charge regime is being introduced in Pakistan as a measure to achieve industrial compliance with the National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS). The modalities for the implementation of the pollution charges have gone through a unique consultative process between representatives of industry, government, environmental NGOs and academic researchers. The consensus of all stakeholders has been to adopt a market based approach, i.e., a pollution charge or tax combined with fiscal incentives to industries, rather than a use of coer criminal procedures for ensuring compliance with NEQS. Appreciable progress has been made towards operationalizing the process and January 1999 has been fixed as the date for commencing implementation. This paper documents Pakistan’s experience in formulating these critical environmental policy developments.