Indigenous Rights and Biodiversity Conservation A Case Study of Ayubia National Park (W-52)

Indigenous Rights and Biodiversity Conservation A Case Study of Ayubia National Park (W-52)

Publication details

  • Wednesday | 01 Mar, 2000
  • Shaheen Rafi Khan, Asad Naqvi
  • Working Papers
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Shaheen Rafi Khan and Asad Naqvi, SDPI 2000 Overview Pakistan consists of a rectangular mass extending northeast to southwest over about 88 million hectares. Mountains and foothills on the north and west cover about half its area. The remaining half comprises the Indus Plain towards the east, intersected by the Indus River and its tributaries. The country is largely arid, with three-fourths receiving an annual precipitation of less than 250 mm and 20% of it less than 125 mm.  Only about 10% of the area in the northern Himalayas and the Karakorum mountain ranges receive rainfall between 500 mm and 1500 mm. Of the country's total area of about 88 million ha, 24% is cultivated of which about 80% is irrigated.  Forests and grazing lands cover about 4%, and 34% is not fit for agricultural use - about 2% is under urban cover.