- Friday | 29 Jul, 2011
- Shakeel Ahmed Ramay, Sadia Munawar Ishfaq, Farrukh Iqbal Khan
- Research Reports,Project Publications
Project Leader: Shakeel Ahmad Ramay
Lead Author: Farrukh Iqbal Khan
Assistant: Sadia Munawar
As a country particularly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change, Pakistan cannot afford to ignore the threat it poses to its economy and socio-political stability. To date, despite overwhelming evidence of this threat, Pakistan’s response has been poor. Put simply, the issue of climate change is not captured in the country’s overall economic planning.
Integrating climate change concerns in our national economic strategies necessitates both a national climate change policy and institutional arrangements, for implementing it.
While building upon and learning from the existing situation, this paper aims at suggesting a possible approach at evolving an institutional arrangement, which is holistic, as well as representative of relevant stakeholders and concerns and able to avert, arrest and reverse the adverse impacts of climate change on Pakistan.
The institutional arrangement proposed in this paper also addresses three important functions i.e. policymaking, implementation and financing. It proposes to allocate these three functions to distinct entities in the system to ensure check and balance; avoid any conflict of interest; and to ensure that none of the proposed entities is either over burdened or is over-powerful to
the determinant of the objective of addressing the risks and threats that climate change poses to Pakistan.
Specifically, it proposes that the Prime Minister’s Committee on Climate Change (PMCCC) which has remained moribund be revitalized. The proposed PMCCC should now be institutionalized as an apex body through a legislative mandate to integrate the effects of climate change and responses to them in the overall national planning and economic policymaking. Underneath PMCCC, there is a need to create a robust institutional set up both at the federal and provincial levels. The federal level structure, comprising a National Authority on Climate Change (NACC), should report directly to the PMCCC. A trimmed down but similar structure comprising Provincial Authorities on Climate Change or PACC should also be established to report to the PMCCC through NACC. The paper also proposes that the NACC should be established through a legislative mandate to deal with normative aspects of mitigation, adaptation, and Reduced Emission from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) cross cutting issues such as finance and technology as well as intergovernmental negotiations under the aegis of the UN and UNFCCC.
Given that the carbon market will continue to play a significant role in generating resources and facilitating transfer of technology, this paper proposes to establish a National Mitigation and Clean Development Council, with balanced representation from both the public and the private sector, to enable Pakistan to fully benefit from carbon trading.
Finally, it is proposed that Pakistan establish a Green Climate Change Fund with seed money of approximately US $ 20 Million. This independent climate fund should be administered through a Board of 25 members comprising key stakeholders, serviced by a secretariat and a Trustee. The establishment of this fund and its autonomous structure would ensure necessary policy cohesion in management and leveraging of available and prospective funding, both national and international, to mainstream mitigation and adaptation programmes and projects into national development strategies and plans at the country level.