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Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

Matters of Climate Change
By: Ather Naqvi
There is a huge impact of climate change on agriculture; it will get even worse if we do not act Manifestations of climate change are already affecting our agriculture. Reduced water availability at one time and floods on the other, as well as the projected increase in temperature, add to the challenge. These factors are set to not only affect the growth of agriculture output but also alter our entire crop patterns. Various research studies on effects of climate change have pointed this out.

What could be steps to reduce the impact of climate change on agriculture? Are we ready to cope with the looming crisis?

Dr Abid Qaiyum Suleri, Executive Director Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), and an expert on climate change issues, focuses on the centrality of water in matters of climate change and agriculture. “Climate change is all about water, too much water in a short period of time or too little water for an extended period. Both extremes have direct negative implications on agriculture. Too much unmanageable water (floods) has been causing havoc in Pakistan since 2010. Scarcity of water, on the other hand, is leading to crop failure and food insecurity.”

Dr Suleri explains, “Rise in temperature, the second manifestation of climate change may bring some additional acreage in our northern areas. However, for most of the area which is arid and semi arid, rise in temperature means conditions beyond the optimum requirement of temperature and humidity. This would again lead to low yield and deteriorated quality of output.”

Reduced water availability is another factor that is going to alter our crop patters and production. “Reduced water availability is altering the crop rotation and cropping patterns. There is drastic reduction in cereal production, e.g, wheat and rice, as well as in cotton and sugarcane,” according to a study conducted by IUCN, titled, Climate Change, Vulnerabilities in Agriculture in Pakistan. “In southern Pakistan, yields of major cereals are predicted to decline by 15-20 per cent,” it adds.

Livestock production is also going to be affected considerably, “Livestock production is predicted to decline by 20-30 per cent, creating crises of milk, meat and poultry supplies and pushing prices beyond reach of the average Pakistani.”
Unless climate change trends are reversed, “agriculture will be the most seriously impacted sector,” it adds. The document suggests that “Producing water-consuming crops like sugarcane under a climate change scenario may no longer be feasible.”

Pakistan, it is argued in the document, needs to put in place immediate adaptation measures directed at its agriculture sector “that will help stabilise its agricultural growth rate at around 5 per cent above the population growth rate of 2.4 per cent.”

Suleri suggests ways to minimise the impact of climate change on agriculture, “Without an integrated institutional framework and horizontal-vertical linkages between federal and provincial governments and among provincial departments, we’ll not be able to tackle climate change.”

On agriculture, he says, “In case of agriculture, it would also require a coordinated collaboration among agricultural universities, agricultural research institutions, and agricultural extension and district management. The four, unfortunately, are working in silos, turning our agriculture sector vulnerable to climate change.”

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The opinions expressed in this article are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint or stance of SDPI.