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Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

Mining our way to zero load Shedding
By: Ahmad Ahmadani
Profit explains: Why is Pakistan moving towards coal as its main energy source while the rest of the world moves away?
Coal, gas, and oil are among the top fossil fuels used globally for generating electricity and meeting energy demands. Coal fired plants use different kinds of machinery that convert heat energy produced from combustion into mechanical energy.
Coal, which is readily available in most of the developing and developed world, has been used as a major source of fuel even in ancient human civilizations. Its use was also found in historic steam engines at the dawn of the industrial revolution. However, environmental considerations have challenged the use of coal as a fuel in the 21st century. But solutions exist whereby coal can be used in a way that it causes less environmental harm. Modern technology is there to help.
There is a trend in developed countries to switch to renewable energy sources for their power requirements. Despite this, there are over 50 countries that have more than 85% dependence on non-renewable energy resources at present. These include the oil rich Arab countries, China, Australia, South Africa, some US states and European countries. Additionally, if we look by sector, 79% of the global industrial energy requirement is fulfilled by coal powered electricity production.
Developing economies use coal as an energy source because it’s the cheapest source of fuel for electricity generation. Most developing countries rely on coal because it is locally sourced, therefore brings down the power tariff. India has increased its electricity generation from coal threefold since the 1990’s justifying it as the fuel of choice for the now developed countries during their developing stage. Even now, developed countries like Denmark, have thermal power plants as backup for electricity generation, if renewable fails.
Dr. Abid Qaiyum Suleri, Executive Director, Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) said adopting coal technology to meet energy shortage at a time when the world is moving away from it is certainly not a good idea. But, there are number of factors leading to this decision. Pakistan was and still remains an energy thirsty country. The current government came to power partially on the promise that it would resolve the energy woes of the country. Our major reliance for electricity had been on gas, hydel, and furnace oil. The coal, nuclear and renewables contribute a minor percentage in our energy mix. Both gas (despite import of LNG) and hydel (due to climate change, and contested use of water) are no more predictable sources of electricity generation in the country.


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The opinions expressed in this article are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint or stance of SDPI.