The Express Tribune
Published Date: Aug 18, 2014
Country far from goals of Vision 2025
Pakistan’s policy framework contains a number of exceptional
goals and objectives, including improved quality of education,
elimination of all types of disparities and imbalances and significantly
improved enrolment rates. However, in the current structure, the
country is far from achieving the Vision 2025.
The vision has positioned human resource development at the top of
national agenda by capitalising on social capital, strengthening it and
improving the human skill base to optimally contribute to and
effectively benefit from economic growth. But unfortunately, an analysis
of the current year’s federal budget reveals how the wellbeing of
citizens has been ignored by allocating more than 18% of the budget to
defence needs. Even in today’s world of knowledge-based societies,
Pakistan’s allocation for health and education is the lowest in the
According to the budget 2014-15 document,
the education and health sectors have once again not received their due
share. An amount of Rs74.031 billion has been earmarked for both
sectors, showing an increase of only 1.5% compared to the previous year,
which is insignificant considering the population growth and inflation
hovering around 9%.
Of the amount of Rs74 billion, only 13.5% goes to the health sector.
The development plan consists of ambitious schemes such as Metro bus
services, Metro trains and a motorway from Karachi to Lahore.
In the Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP) for 2014-15, major
investment is envisaged in the energy sector, followed by transport and
communications. Of the programme’s size of Rs1,175 billion, only Rs12.5
billion has been set aside for achieving the Millennium Development
On the other hand, under pillar one of the Vision 2025, the
government promises that a larger share of the gross domestic product
(GDP), at least 4% to education and at least 3% to health, would have to
be allotted to these sectors. The aim is to achieve universal primary
education with 100% net primary enrolment, expansion of higher education
coverage from 7% to 12% and increase in the proportion of population
with access to improved sanitation from 38% to 90%.
The resource allocation does not show any political will to
prioritise human development. In its current shape, Pakistan is the
embodiment of a security state where human development barely attracts
No close to reality
The budget is far from being poor-friendly. The myth of
macro-stabilisation and its consequent trickle-down effect has
disappeared. Misplaced priorities coupled with the shotgun approach to
allocations will worsen economic slowdown.
At this juncture, the government needs to stabilise the economy,
rebuild the eroded credibility, bridge the fiscal gap, re-establish
confidence in public institutions and improve the investment climate. In
parallel with its macroeconomic stabilisation programme, the government
also needs to develop a comprehensive plan of structural reforms.
Pakistan must respond to such challenges effectively. This calls for a
change in the mindset to incorporate the quest for excellence.