Published Date: Dec 4, 2018
Inaugural Plenary of 11th South Asia Economic Summit
Neutrality of SBP is intact, govt believes in institutional autonomy: Asad Umer- calls for ‘out of the box’ solutions for regional ties
Connectivity should not be limited to roads but to ICT, digitization, energy and ports: Shamshad Akhtar
Kartarpur Corridor is a welcoming step for peaceful co-existence: Suleri
SDPI/SAES (morning session)
ISLAMABAD: (Dec 4, 2018): Indian response to Pakistan’s goodwill gesture to open Kartarpur Corridor was unfortunate, however, Pakistan is still pinning hopes to strengthen SAARC cooperation in future. This was stated by Federal Minister for Finance, Revenue, and Economic Affairs Asad Umer while speaking at the inaugural plenary of 11th South Asia Economic Summit (SAES) held under the auspices of Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) in Islamabad on Tuesday.
We really need to think out of the box solutions for regional cooperation amid tensions and confrontations between the two states, the minister said, adding that Intra-regional trade, especially trade between India and Pakistan, is one of the major growth drivers. Stressing the need to create political space for regional cooperation, he said it is our inability that we failed to get people of the region out of poverty. It is a real opportunity for those political leaders, who believe in a peaceful and prosperous South Asia.
Highlighting the government’s role in promoting cross regional energy transfer and inter-regional trade, Asad Umer said channelization of non-political forums to build political space for policy making is required for an effective cooperation among South Asian states.
Commenting on the recent dollar spike against rupees, the minister said that the neutrality of State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) is intact and we believe in autonomy of the institution whereas there is no change in the government policy. He said that the recent decision on exchange rate was taken by the central bank, however, there is a need to improve the communication mechanism, that’s why the SBP governor has also been taken on board to devise a communication mechanism in this regard. If needed, we will further institutionalize the structure and role of SBP, he said, adding that the financing gap is complete and we don’t have any current account crisis, though a lot needs to be done.
Dr Shamshad Akhtar, the former caretaker finance minister, said that this new age of globalization and digitization, amid nationalism call for enhanced regional cooperation and connectivity. She said that re-imagining regional connectivity is often costly and time-consuming and that require patience and leadership. Connectivity should not be constrained to road development but to have ICT, digitization, energy cooperation and construction of ports, etc. She said Sustainable Developments Goals (SDGs) can guide us to improve trans-boundary corridor, where institutions like SDPI has distinct role to play. “Regional connectivity is of course gaining momentum today, where Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) led by China can steer the effort for regional cooperation.” Dr Shamshad Akhtar said that BRI has the potential to generate momentum to enhance regional partnership, which is currently in the state of deadlock especially between India and Pakistan. “Economy needs to progress on a set of new elements of requisite reforms, which include streamlining tax system, improvement in banking system, easing the procedures to do business, improving competitiveness and promoting trade facilitation through trade regulation.” Pakistan and China can play active role in regional cooperation and improve connectivity, she added, adding that there is need to think and work on that how development can be part of peace and contribute to peace efforts in the region.
Dr Abid Qaiyum Suleri, the SDPI Executive Director, said that when SAARC was unable to move forward, the SAES platform kept the discussion on economy and trade cooperation alive. He said that South Asian countries should keep their political differences aside for the sake for shared objectives, otherwise the region would remain least connected. Nevertheless, Dr Suleri said, we hope for improved regional cooperation, and opening of Kartarpur Corridor is a welcoming step for peaceful co-existence. He said that in this age of digitization and internet, despite differences, people of both Pakistan and India are still connected through technology. He said technology has brought the two states more closer and we need to strive for re-imagining connectivity, where everyone would have freedom to live and move across borders.
Dr Nagesh Kumar, the Head of UNESCAP South and South-West Asia Office, New Delhi, India, said that South Asia is today the fastest growing region in the world, however, we need to capture on the development gaps, such as poverty, gender inequality, poor state of health and education, etc. He said that we are not able to use the talent and potential of fast economic growth and development. He said that fresh approach to development is needed where SDGs have the potential to consolidate the unfinished business of MDGs and provide the sustainable future to the people of South Asia.
He said that the South Asian governments need to focus on jobs creation through sustainable industrialization, providing essential basic services, and universal access to health and education, proving universal social protection, ensuring food security, promoting gender equality through women entrepreneurship, and enhancing cooperation on environmental issues.
Dr Ratnakar Adhikari, the Executive Director of Enhanced Integrated Framework Secretariat, World Trade Organization (WTO), Switzerland, said that it is important for South Asian countries to invent in research and development to capitalize the potential of 4th industrial revolution. There is a need to enable the students and young generation to use the new digital technology to keep their pace with global development. He said that one of the major challenges of the region is lack of skilled labour to adapt to the technology, which require capacity building. Also, there is a need to build an enabling environment and improve regulatory system to build trust among stakeholders, he added.
Earlier, Mr Shafqat Kakakhel, the former ambassador and Chairperson of SDPI’s Board of Governors, said that the region underwent conflicts during the past two decades, however, most of the South Asian states have achieved high growth rate amid poverty and conflict. Stressing the need to enhance inter and intra-regional cooperation for sustainable development, he said that SAARC platform should not be the victim of political differences and all countries of the region should cooperate to resolve mutual and shared challenges such as poverty, climate change, trade, etc.