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One Pakistan

Published Date: Jan 6, 2014

Need stressed for developing fog forecasting system

It is required to have a policy research to develop proper fog
forecasting & monitoring system, along with a revival of ministry of
climate change and relocation of traffic during fog hours.

This was the conclusion drawn by the experts on a seminar held on
“Fog Frequency across South-Asia: A Climate Change Perspective” at
Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Islamabad here on Monday.

Dr. Faisal Saeed Syed, Assistant Professor, Department of
Meteorology, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology shared his
study, which was conducted on the climatology, inter-annual variability
and trends in fog occurrence over the period 1976-2010, using
observational data from 82 stations distributed across India and

He discussed that fog covers an extensive area, approximately 3,000
km from Pakistan to Bangladesh across north India from west to east,
running parallel to the foot hills of the Himalayas. The fog variability
over the whole region is coupled and therefore likely governed by some
large scale phenomenon on the inter-annual time scale. According to this
study the fog frequency has increased more than 3 times in the last 35
years and this increase shows different regimes with respect to both
mean and variance.

While talking about the methodology of his study, he said that we
detect the fog in ERA-Interim 3 hourly, surface and model level forecast
data, using the concept of cross over temperature and boundary layer
stability. "The gradual increasing trends are also found in specific and
relative humidity over the region, which is highly correlated with
observed and detected fog" he added.

Addressing the seminar, Azmat Hayat Khan, Director (Drought
Monitoring & Early Warning Centre, Islamabad) said that this
climatic shift pose serious threat to South Asian regions by increasing
their vulnerability and affecting agriculture, livelihood, and economics
of the region. He said that situation demands immediate policy actions
along-with the measures to protect agriculture and health of people.

Shakeel Ramay, Senior Researcher, SDPI shared that the burning of low
quality of coal is causing smog not only in Pakistan but in India as
well. He suggested that research institutes and metrological department
should start working with provincial government to solve this issue.