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Ramzan Qadir

Pakistan Today

Published Date: Mar 29, 2015

Nothing more important than human security

Speakers at a two-day 3rd International Workshop on ‘Reviewing
Resources and Nation-Building’ said that human security was above all
other types of securities, which plays a paramount role in

The workshop was jointly organised by National
Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam, Islamabad, and Hanns Seidel
Foundation, Pakistan in federal capital.

Speaking at the
occasion, Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) Executive
Director Dr Abid Qaiyum Suleri said that Pakistan is one those countries
which has the worst human development index for instance the province
of Baluchistan which is resource rich region of the country is facing
highest multi dimensional poverty, worst food insecurity, and is marred
by ethno-sectarian militancy.

Dr Suleri said that natural
resources turn into curse instead of blessing in the absence of social
justice and lack of equitable access to them. He said that insecurity
breeds insecurities.

“When state policies and practices aim to
achieve global, regional, and national securities at the cost of human
security then we can expect everything but not nation building he
recommended a paradigm shift where human security is given as much
importance as other types of securities.”

Dr Vaqar Ahmed,
renowned social scientists, said that resource mobilisation for
nation-building will remain crucial for the future of Pakistan and for
the human security of its people. He further said key investment inflows
are required for providing employment to the youth, resolving energy
crisis, improving water infrastructure, and making necessary
expenditures on climate change mitigation and food security.

his views in the backdrop of post 18th Amendment scenario, Dr Vaqar
said the provincial governments need to play a role in attracting
investment and generating additional revenues, which could be invested
for social sector uplift in education, health and clean drinking water.

should also manage the support provided by the development partners,”
he said, adding that interested donors should be engaged in augmenting
trade-related infrastructure and building supply chains with central and
south Asian businesses.

Sustainable Industrial Development &
Hazardous Waste/Sites Senior Adviser on Chemicals Dr Mahmood A. Khwaja
said that climate change is also biggest challenge to human security,
however, major Environmental Estimated Cost (Low) in Pakistan is 2743.68
USD millions/annum that is 4.23 per cent of the GDP. He said pollution
costs, both internal and social, need to be internalized by polluters.
He pointed out that targets of industrial environment management in
Pakistan must be realistic, achievable & practical within the
economic, technical, human & institutional resources. He said a
pollution charge regime with provincial sustainable environment
development funds (PSDF) could enforce Cleaner Production, national
environment quality standards (NEQS) Compliance & best environmental
practices (BEP).

He added that all the stakeholders’ engagement
is “Fundamental” to sustainable industrial environment management, and
its implementation must be a collective responsibility both at
legislative decision-making and implementation process.

Salim, senior analyst on education and religious diversity, while
discussing social injustice and inequalities with particular reference
to Balochistan, explained how lack of resources redistribution
contributes to various sources of disparities in every province. He said
that Balochistan had been discriminated and its due share in resources
was never given. “So, to maintain the viable national security we must
ensure the human security to the people of Balochistan and other

Sadia Ishfaq, senior researcher, said that climate
resilient development is important for nation building. The
socio-economic trends, including urbanisation, population growth and
conflict exacerbate the climate challenge, she said, adding that there
is also a lack of research on how climate is affecting poverty and human