Published Date: Jun 4, 2012
ROADMAP TO GREEN ECONOMY SHOULD BE BASED ON NATIONAL PRIORITIES
The global community must ensure that roadmap to green economy is based on national priorities and capacities of all countries, and that international support is available to all countries.
The recommendations released were approved in a 2-day National Consultation on ‘Green economy’ jointly organised by Sustainable Development Policy Institute, One UN Joint Programme on Environment, Ministry of Climate Change, Heinrich Boll Stiftung, Lead Pakistan and ActionAid-Pakistan, here last month.
The consultation was held ahead of the United Nations global summit on sustainable development (Rio+ 20), in Brazil later this month.
The consultation called for Pakistan’s participation in the summit as a responsible member of the world community. The Pakistan delegation will be led by Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani. The summit will also host thousands of non-official delegates from across the globe as well as world media.
The resolution asked the governments and states to take the lead on the transition to green economy. Any attempts to adopt market-based instruments should be made on the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and especially supplemented by policies to protect poor and vulnerable groups. It requested the comity of nations to review intellectual property rights to support the quest of developing countries for sustainable development and poverty eradication. It demanded that developed countries implement earlier agreements on sustainable development including honouring the commitments to provide financial and technical support to build the capacities of developing countries.
The resolution in its national-level recommendations section urges that green economy should bind together the three pillars of sustainable development, i.e. social equity, economic prosperity, and environmental conservation. It seeks to align national priorities on the principles of economic prosperity, decent livelihoods, gender mainstreaming, and population reduction. It also urges the industrial and business community to agree on a coherent agenda on sustainability challenges and initiate the process for drafting a plan of action on green economy in Pakistan.
The resolution asked the federal and provincial governments to support sustainable development and green economy through a strategic approach, including implementation of National Sustainable Development, effective system of devolution and the establishment of a ‘National Fund on Climate Change and Green Development.’ It also urged the State Bank of Pakistan to evolve rules and regulations for ‘incentivising’ green investment and loans through commercial banks.
The resolution recommends a shift towards sustainable agricultural practices, including integrated water management, strengthening of agricultural research and extension mechanisms and enabling access to natural resources by small and landless farmers to ensure food security.
Another area of concern identified by the resolution relates to health and food quality, including consumer protection in the food security process adding that the bulk of the poor live in the rural areas and it is necessary to ensure sustainable rural development for poverty reduction in Pakistan.
The resolution maintained that Pakistan is the most urbanised country in South Asia and the challenges of effective management of cities required sustainable urban development including urban design, land-use management, vertical development to limit urban sprawl, creation of second tier cities, definition of city limits, sustainable transport systems based on public transport instead of proliferation of private transport, sustainable waste management, energy-efficient building design and good governance.