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Published Date: Feb 18, 2013

SDPI Press Release (February 18, 2013)

Experts at a seminar have termed non-traditional security
threats as the most serious threat to the world peace and stability and
demanded a global governance system to address the emerging threat .

They
were discussing at a seminar on “Non-Traditional Security Threats: Global
Governance System to Combat the Challenges“ organized by Sustainable
Development Policy Institute (SDPI) here on Monday. Tahir Dhindsa of SDPI
moderated the discussions.

Briefing
at the occasion, Shakeel Ahmad Ramay, Senior Research Associate, SDPI said that
non-traditional security threats are challenges, that arise primarily out of
non-military sources, such as climate change, resource scarcity, infectious
diseases, natural disasters, irregular migrations and food shortages. “ These
dangers are often transnational in scope, defying unilateral remedies and requiring
comprehensive political, economic and social responses,” he added

He
underscored that climate change is turning out to be the most fundamental
non-traditional security threat for Pakistan and its impacts can already be
felt in the form of floods, droughts, cyclones and sea level rise in and around
Pakistan.

Shakeel
Ramay said that non-traditional security threats are transnational and not
confined to national boundaries and so we need international framework to
address the issue. But regrettably, there is no coordinated effort at global
level with clear mandate and scope to tackle the issue which needs our urgent
attention, he added.

Ambassador
(Retd) Shafqat Kakakhel, Former UN Assistant Secretary General and Member Board
of Governors, SDPI listed number of non- traditional security threats for
Pakistan which included terrorism; fragile and interconnected water, food and
energy security; population explosion; poverty; irregular urbanizations;
narcotics and ill health; and deteriorating economic conditions.

Talking
of national security doctrine in Pakistan, he said that Pakistan never had
national security doctrine and its time that we prepare one now. He said
impacts of non-traditional security threats are serious enough and warrants
envisioning a new paradigm. He referred to Chapter 2 of constitution which
lists principles of state responsibilities and proposed that it must be
included into new national security doctrine so take into consideration the
NTST.

He
argued that most of the non-traditional security threats are manageable through
better management and innovations. Referring to water scarcity, he said 93
percent of water resources in Pakistan are used by agriculture whereas the
world average in is 60-70 percent and if we can bring down water usage in
agriculture to world average, water scarcity can be solved.

Talking
of energy security, Kakakhel cited the words of renowned American expert and
advocate of green energy, Carl Pope, who on his recent visit to Pakistan has
said that Pakistan, with its abundance of renewable energy potential, should
have by now the  most energy affluent country. He said the only thing not
controllable is natural disasters and the best remedial measure possible is the
strengthening resilience of local communities to cope with the negative impacts
of disasters.

Chairing
the session, Ambassador (Retd) Akram Zaki, Former Senator and Chairman
Senate Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs termed the bad governance as the
most serious non-traditional security threat to the country’s territorial
integrity and sovereignty. All existing traditional as well as other social,
economic, political, and environment induced threats have been emancipated from
decades of bad-governance, corruption  and mismanagement. He said, we have
to introduce good governance in Pakistan to tackle grave issues concerning
Pakistan. He also called for immediate restoration of local governance system
in Pakistan.

He
said, Pakistan needs a new social contract where basic minimum needs of
citizens are met based on social and economic justice and equity. He argued
that Pakistan failed to develop a system of social justice so crisis, and
inequalities becomes deeper and are now ultimately threatening the existence of
state. He also recommended formulation of a National Anti-Terror Policy to curb
the menace of terrorism.