SDPI Official Press
Published Date: Oct 8, 2015
SDPI Press Release (October 8, 2015)
Open Door 2015 Interaction with Pakistani Civil Society:
‘Dialogue on Globalization, Urbanization and Cities’
Islamabad, Thursday, October 8, 2015: Pakistan is witnessing, economic, rural-urban and environmental migration, simultaneously, which if not tailored is unsustainable for now. Professor Oliver Mongin, in his lecture on ‘Globalization, Urbanization and Cities,’ organized by Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Thursday, says Pakistan needs to remake forests, deserts and countryside being destroyed by the rural-Urban exodus .
The most rapid urbanization being experienced by South Asia and the Sub Saharan Africa is phenomenal. In Africa, it has killed agriculture, but in Pakistan, where, Agriculture is the backbone of economy, this is not viable.
He said, with rapid globalization, transportation of goods and services have become central to growth. Freight transportation is important to this global urbanization. With 85 percent of freight being transported through marine routs, major transportation hubs have been created in the South, in port cities like Dubai, Singapore and Doha. Pakistan is at the mount of this South-South development. The trend is further fueled by the digital revolution. Marine transportation and the digital revolution are so intertwined that we commonly uses marine terminology like piracy, navigation and others. Thanks to this fast development, the world is developing cities, void of urban values, which is giving way to ‘Urban Violence.’
Professor Oliver traced back the three great streams of urbanizations. First globalization dawned upon the humanity, when the Europeans discovered America. Second, when the railways revolutionized the world, in 19th century, through the steam engine. And the third, with the digital revolution the urbanization and globalization clubbed together are reshaping the face of earth.
He defined globalization through its three characteristics; i) Flow of human beings and freight, ii) Demographic growth of urbanization, iii) Urbanization of Customs.
The rapid urbanization is not solid and sustainable. China has applied legal filter on urbanization, which can be replicated elsewhere.