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Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

Published Date: Jun 20, 2011


Climate change is a serious threat to human and national security of Pakistan; comprehensive policies and concerted efforts are necessary to deal with the complex and devastative effects of climate change: Experts Arshad Muhammad Khan, Executive Director, Global Change Impact Studies Centre (GCISC), Islamabad, Dr. Noman S. Star, Head of Department of Peace and Conflict Studies at the National Defense University (NDU) and Shakeel Ahmed Ramay, Senior Research Associate, Climate Change Study Centre, Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) spoke at the seminar on “Looming dangers of climate change on national and human security” organized by Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) here on Monday.

Shakeel Ahmad Ramay was of the view that Pakistan faces many problems simultaneously such as financial and food challenges amid worsening issue of climate change. He said that the biggest manifestation of climate change in Pakistan was 2010 floods which led to at least damages of over 10 billion dollars. He said that the country particularly faces agricultural and water challenges and degradation of natural resources as a result of climate change will lead to decreased in agricultural production. Pakistan’s all regions except Gilgit-Baltistan are highly vulnerable to the affects of climate change with regard to agricultural production. He said that country’s 48.7 percent population was food insecure before 2010 floods and now it has gone up around 58.7 percent.

He deplored that the country’s population has to face all these sever challenges in a situation when the country has no national agricultural policy except in KPK and no food security policy and also increasing trans-boundry India-Pakistan disputes over water issues which will also impact the peace process in this region significantly. He said construction of controversial Baghlihar dam by India and rapid melting of Siachen glacier due to presence of military by both sides will have damaging effects for the populations on both sides in the short and long run.

Dr. Noman S. Star said the climate change is a threat multiplier to national and human security and is a complex challenge to global community especially for resource-starved developing countries. He said it is a very complex and technical problem for the whole world and even the United States in its 2006 National Security Strategy assigned its defense department to plan for deadly pandemics and other natural disasters. He said that the debate called for re-definition of security, from the ‘state’ to the ‘individual’ which implies ensuring the political, social and economic rights through social, economic and political reforms. “While human security is linked to political liberalism, extraneous factors such as environment and climate change can have serious impact as well” he went on saying. He said that Pakistan has faced threats from natural disasters while the threat of terrorism has assumed greater significance than traditional threats.

Urging the link between climate change and human security is important to understand, he said environmental neglect coupled with poverty can turn hazards into disasters adding that poverty is a bad mix and is a factor that makes poor and developing countries more vulnerable against natural and man-made disasters. “declining ecosystem services, threat of climate change, and HIV/AIDS related problems, combine to create or exacerbate political instability and economic hardship for millions in Africa clearly explain this linkage as to why 90 percent of current conflicts are found in 30 percent of the poorest countries” he added. He said Pakistan is no exception and has deforestation, increase periods of droughts, water issues, hydel challenges leading to power shortages, weather pattern changes, and food insecurity or scarcity, He called for concerted efforts at the national, regional and global level and also greater collaboration between the civil society and the state. He also urged more and more debate on media on these issues and political will of the leaders for dealing with this challenge.

Arshad Muhammad Khan was of the view that anthropogenic influences since the industrial revolution, spiraling population, high pace of industrialization, increased use of fossil oils in industry and transportation, and deforestation for agriculture and urbanization have led to the process of climate change. He said that climate change included global warming, increased precipitation and its uneven distribution, melting of glaciers and snow, sea level rise, increase in frequency and sensitivity of extreme weather events while the impacts were apparent in the shape of uncertainty in water availability, decreased in crops yields, loss of bio-diversity, increased health risks, and newer perspectives for sources of energy.

He said that climate change is a major threat for Pakistan and as it severely affects country’s food, water and energy security, human health, coastal areas and also has a potential to lead to human migration.