Published Date: Jul 13, 2014
SDPI survey and closer look at governance comparison of provinces
With the rising political heat on the PML-N in the run up to
the PTI long march to Islamabad, we’re seeing almost daily statements by PML-N
leaders, media reps and of course our BBC model PTV News about all things PTI.
Among them is also the oft repeated retort “Imran Khan ne KP me kia karlia?” –
meaning in other words that PTI as a party should be wholly concentrated on KP
governance and not come near demanding any reform at the center.
This question has become so prevalent now that on almost any
argument with PML-N supporters on governance at the center, the debate usually
ends up with "to Imran Khan ne KP mein kia karlia?". Some PTI supporters have
come up with good jokes about this as well.
Thankfully though, we now have at least some data where we
can answer this question – based on of course what the people of KP think
(being the ultimate beneficiaries). We saw indications about KP governance from
some earlier surveys as well. For instance, Gallup Pakistan came up with a
survey measuring satisfaction rates of people of four provinces. KP came
highest with 57% satisfaction while other provinces some way behind. Similar
results were seen in a survey conducted by PTI through IRIS (though higher
The latest is a survey from May this year conducted by Sustainable
Development Policy Institute (SDPI) for Herald magazine. Abid Suleri heads this organization
and conducted an election related poll before May 11 General Elections –
predicting most of the results quite well. While Gallup Pakistan predicted PMLN
+ JUIF in KP for instance, SDPI poll accurately predicted a PTI + JI coalition.
Similarly, the poll also indicated the PTI popularity in Karachi almost
rivaling that of MQM – which we all saw to surprise of many on May 11.
This time though, SDPI, apart from asking usual questions
about political party ratings also went on to conduct a quite detailed survey
on provincial governments and federal government’s performance in various
sectors. While people’s views about the federal government are well presented
in this DAWN piece, what is
interesting is comparison of provincial governments (mysteriously under
reported in the media).
Two sets of findings are particularly encouraging for PTI in
First, Corruption – On asking whether the government was
doing enough to control corruption in KP, response as quoted
Only respondents from KP gave positive answer regarding
their province. 20% more said the provincial government was making adequate
efforts to control corruption than those who disagreed.
A graph which shows the comparison of public opinion on the
issue. It’s clear the perception of corruption in KP among the people
receded. While we find in other provinces (esp in Sindh), more people
report "rampant" corruption, in KP the tide seems to be turning. Note
Accountability has yet to start through the soon to be operational KP
Commission – so this may only be a result of top to bottom
through administrative efforts in the first year.
Second, overall governance ranking. When asked about
performance of the government in various sectors, the response as quoted was:
KP given highest rating (> 70%) for improvements in both
health and education sectors. Only 2% said no improvement has been made against
about 12% in Punjab.
Graphical depiction of the same, along with other provinces
is given below. PTI’s efforts seem have to paid off in keeping a focus on
service delivery in health and education sectors. It’s an achievement that people
on ground have started noticing within an year. In comparison, Punjab got a
response (though less in proportion) for physical infrastructure according to
the priorities of the leadership there. Sindh again gives dismal performance.