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South Asian News Agency

Published Date: Jul 8, 2013

Way forward for peace in Balochistan is acceptance of six point demands of Baloch: Mengal

Balochistan National Party (Mangel )’s Chief ,Sardar Akhtar Mengal has said that only way forward for peace
in Balochistan is the acceptance of six point demands of Baloch people.
Only then Baloch people can trust federation and come to negotiating
table, he added.

Speaking at the launch of book on Balochistan, organized by
Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) here on Monday. Sardar
Akhtar Mengal said that Balochistan was repeatedly invaded not only by
military dictators but civilian democratic governments as well.

The book titled "Balochistan: Azadi Sai Subai Bai-Ikhtiari Tak" was
written by eminent writer and senior advisor SDPI, Ahmad Salim who has
been conferred with Presidential Pride of Performance by Government of
Pakistan and Bangladesh Freedom Award for his excellent contributions in
the field of literature and human rights.
The book is a complete political history of Balochistan, with analysis,
copies of rare documents and compilation of events that shaped the
Baloch history from independence of Pakistan to the recent events till
February 2013. The event also featured a panel discussion on "Peace in
Balochistan & the Role of Federation".
Speaking at the occasion, Sardar Akhtar Mengal, Chief, Balochistan
National Party (BNP) and Former Chief Minister, Balochistan appreciated
the book which according to him has truly documented the history of

Sardar Akhtar Mengal urged the need to change biased ‘thought
process’ against Balochistan particularly in Punjab, which is bent over
capturing resources and oppressing the dissenting voices. He also
demanded that Baloch people must be given real power to use their land
and resources.
He was of the view that instead of addressing root cause of Balochistan
problem, government is suggesting fancy projects for Balochistan to
pacify people.

He explained that operation is still in progress in parts of
Balochistan and according to human rights report, in last 25 days of
current government, 65 persons have gone missing while 13 mutilated
bodies have been recovered. Abducting people and mutilating bodies,
while calling for negotiation would not work anymore, he added. He
said that Baloch people can only think to sitting at the negotiating
table if their demands, as mentioned in six points, are accepted.
He presented the six point’s demand of Baloch people, which according to
him are under the constitution and essential to bring peace in
Balochistan. He demanded that all military operations against the Baloch
should immediately be suspended. He asked to produce all missing
persons before a court of law.

He condemned the killing of Baloch people and demanded to prosecute
the persons responsible for inhuman torture, killing and dumping of dead
bodies of the Baloch political leaders and activists. Sardar Akhtar
Mengal also demanded to disband proxy death squads operating under the
supervision of establishment in the province.

He also called for giving complete freedom to political parties and
rehabilitate thousands of displaced Baloch living in appalling
Sardar Akhtar Mengal criticized the recent election process in Pakistan
and said that "It is unfortunate that even today, democracy in Pakistan
is at behest of establishment."  "Elections in Balochistan were not
transparent and we experienced widespread interference, threats and
rigging where the results were withheld from 3 to 18 days without any
reason," he added.

However, Sardar Akhtar Mengal showed his commitment to remain part of
democratic process despite all injustice. It is now up to federation to
demonstrate serious attitude otherwise it’s already too late to win
over Baloch people.
Speaking at the occasion, Ahmad Salim author of the book and senior
advisor SDPI narrated brief history of federating units in Pakistan and
said that unfortunately federation in the country has week grounding
when some federating units at the time of independence had forced
annexation including Qalat.  Also the democratically elected provincial
government in a smaller federating unit NWFP was toppled only after 7
days of independence on 22 August 1947.

He said that dominance of Punjab over affairs of the country was
established since then and continued till now which has weakened the
federation in Pakistan. He was of the view that there is no doubt that
resources of smaller provinces were misappropriated and time has come
that Punjab play its positive role in addressing the concerns of Baloch
brother and bring peace in the province.
Jan Achakzai, Spokesperson, Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam Fazlur Rehman
(JUI-F) said that Balochistan has been treated unfairly by the federal
government and now the only way forward is through political realization
of actual problem especially at center. He argued that administrative
and tactical action at provincial level may help a little but the real
solution lies in ending state of denial and resorting to political
coherence in Islamabad.
I.A. Rehman, Secretary General, Human Rights Commission of Pakistan
(HRCP) said that ironically, Balochistan and KPK have to face injustice
from the very and federation showed a very irresponsible and insensitive

He said that now a political solution is required and the new
government must be very careful in selecting ministers who have the
trust of Baloch people.  
Senior Political and Defence Analyst, Lt. Gen (Retd) Talat Masood, said
that unfortunately till now, military was used by federation to counter
insurgency, sectarian differences, political, social and economic
problems in Balochistan instead of a political discourse. He said that
geostrategic location and natural resources of Balochistan are a
blessing and the only way to utilise these resources would be through
bringing peace in Balochistan.
Earlier, in his welcome remarks, Dr. Abid Suleri, Executive Director,
SDPI said that Pakistani federation had failed to treat all units with
equity which has aggravated situation especially in Balochistan. He
however showed satisfaction over the fact that BNP Mengall despite
having serious reservation over 11 May elections is taking part in
political process.

He added that Balochistan has the worst situation in human
development and added that sustainable peace not possible unless
traditional paradigm of state security is reversed in favor of
individual security particularly in Balochistan.