Published Date: Sep 14, 2011
WORLD HEADING TOWARDS ECOLOGICAL IMBALANCE: EXPERTS
The world is heading towards a serious imbalance in the ecology which can result in manifold increase in the frequency and intensity of tragic events due to climate change. Increased human production, consumption and waste are adding to the degradation of ecological systems.
These views were expressed by speakers on the second day of `National consultation on Pakistan`s preparation for the UN conference on sustainable development (UNCSD)/Rio+20 June 2012` here on Tuesday.
The speakers said like Pakistan most of the regions in the world were faced with water-related challenges and efforts were needed at the national level to introduce countermeasures to meet drought and flood cycles.
The consultation process is being jointly organised by Sustainable Development Policy Institute and the United Nations Development Programme in its capacity as co-chair of the `One UN joint programme on environment.`
The Rio+20 process is of global significance as the outcome from Rio will influence and direct the sustainable development agenda in the post-2015 period.
Dr Syed Akmal Hussain said South Asian region suffered high variability of monsoons, agriculture production, endangered livelihoods, sea-level rise, accelerated glacier melting and increased frequency of floods and droughts.
He highlighted the importance of a balanced relationship among human beings, nature and commodity; adding nature was not only an exploitable resource but also the means through which we reproduced our natural and material life. Abdul Qadir Rafique of UNDP said Pakistan was uniquely placed as all the UN agencies were supporting it under the `One UN environment joint programme. He said the main areas of support were health and population, agriculture, disaster risk reduction, environment and education.
With regard to environment alone, the country is being supported in the institutional capacity-development, water and sanitation, natural resource management, sustainable urbanisation, renewable energy and clean industry.
Shafqat Kakakhel, consultant for Pakistan`s preparations for UNCSD, said human survival had become one of the major challenges due to depleting environment, worsening poverty and energy conditions.
Dr Adil Najam, Vice Chancellor Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), highlighted the need for realisation among developing countries, including Pakistan, that the developed world was not going to fund them for their issues and challenges with regard to sustainable development.