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Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

Population control a way to tackle climate change
By: Muhammad Awais Umar
The rise in temperature (global warming) due to anthropogenic activities is a reality. By the end of the century, the situation is likely to worsen drastically if greenhouse gas emissions are not reduced significantly.
Humans have often convinced themselves that technological advancement can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and help cope with scarcity of natural resources – The Cornucopian Theory. This is not the case as it is evident that societies have suddenly collapsed as technologies fail or their material resources run scarce; for example the collapse of Mayan civilisation.
Too much faith only in technological solutions to climate change may lead to a similar situation in future, if politically and socially rational changes are not made.
Fossil fuels – a major source of energy – are known for their key contribution to human development. According to the International Energy Agency, fossil fuels meet around 80% of the world’s energy demand and are responsible for about 40 gigatons of carbon dioxide emissions per annum.
This higher concentration of carbon dioxide in atmosphere is the main cause of global warming.
Furthermore, increasing human population is also contributing to the depletion of natural resources and environmental degradation. More population requires more resources to get processed and disposed of in the environment in the form of pollution.
Currently, the world is striving to address climate change by reducing carbon footprint through less consumption and better technology. But an unsustainable growth of human population will undermine these efforts.
So, in order to cope with climate change, we not only need smaller footprints, but also lower number of feet on earth – Neo-Malthusians Theory. This controlled growth of human population will lead to a healthier and more stable post-fossil fuel society as it helps to reduce the demand for natural resources, especially fossil fuels, coupled with technological advancement.
Researchers across the world have examined the effect of various population growth scenarios on economic development and energy use. They have found that slower population growth has the potential to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions in future.
Impact on Pakistan
Pakistan, similar to many other developing countries, has a high population growth rate. It has been observed that in the last two decades, its population has increased by around 57% and is expected to double in the next 30 years.
On the other hand, material resources of the country are either stagnant or growing very slowly whereas poor economic performance and internal security condition have made the situation worse.
Although Pakistan is currently emitting low levels of greenhouse gases, it is one of the most vulnerable countries in relation to climate extremes (floods, droughts and heat waves).
According to Oxfam, for the long run, farmers’ ability to produce food has been affected by continuous flooding in the past few years.
Water availability for the rapidly growing population is another major challenge as per capita water availability has decreased from 5,260 cubic metres in 1951 to 908 cubic metres in 2017.
Climate change may reduce water resources even further and this will affect lives and livelihoods of the growing population.
Energy and agriculture sectors account for 90% of Pakistan’s total greenhouse gas emissions. According to the INDC (Intended Nationally Determined Contribution) in 2015, both sectors account for around 334 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (mt Co2 equivalent) emissions.
In the coming decade, greenhouse gas emissions will increase more rapidly to around 1,355 (by energy and agriculture sectors) mt Co2 equivalent in 2030, just to fulfil demand of the growing population.
Increased concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will have a severe impact on future generations because the presence of carbon dioxide in atmosphere is long-lasting – even for thousands of years – and takes about a decade to have its maximum warming effect.
It means that the amount of carbon dioxide we are emitting will increase the dangers of climate change in the next decade and later.
Currently, Pakistan requires $7 to $14 billion per annum to tackle existing climate vulnerabilities. Furthermore, it requires around $40 billion to reduce its projected greenhouse gas emissions by 20%.
By keeping in view the population growth, demand for food and energy, economic performance and climate change impact, it would be difficult for Pakistan to achieve its development targets until or unless it controls its population growth.
For this purpose, it is important to integrate economic policy with population and resource distribution policies. This would be helpful in enhancing people’s prosperity as there will be less mouth to feed with more economic development through efficient use of scarce resources.


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The opinions expressed in this article are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint or stance of SDPI.