Locale: Skardu, Ghanche, Gilgit and Hunza districts
Team Members: Shakeel Ahmed, Sehrish Jahangir
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) engaged Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) to develop a report on climate change impact on the ecosystem of Central Karakoram National Park (CKNP). CKNP covers an area of 10,000 sq. km and constitutes Skardu, Ghanche, Gilgit and Hunza districts. The area is of considerable importance to Pakistan as a number of glaciers feeding the Indus water system are situated there. It is an area withrich biodiversity, particularly with reference to the different species of flora and fauna.
The local community in the region is greatly reliant upon the local ecosystem for its survival. Taking into account the fact that temperature rise in the mountainous regions of Pakistan has been higher than the other regions of the country and owing to the increased intensity of natural disasters like landslides and glacial lake outburst floods (GLOF), it is important to study the impact of climate change in CKNP.
The project investigated the impacts of climate change on the ecosystem of CKNP region hence addressing region’s social, environmental and economic make-up. An effort has also been made to explore the vulnerable ecosystem components such as region’s infrastructure and the local communities.
Primary data was collected from CKNP illustrating adaptation and mitigation measures enacted to decrease the hazards associated with the climate change. The data also revealed the preparedness of authorities in the region and at the national level to deal with climate change. The efforts by the local authorities were also compared withthe international best practices on climate change preparedness.
The project activities included inception workshop, stakeholders’ meeting, primary data collection, secondary data analysis, statistical analysis and consultative workshop..Based on the findings and need assessment of the area a campaign kit has been developed which will be executed in December 2012.