Poverty is not merely the economic poverty, as it cannot be addressed only through the economic growth. There are other forms of poverty too. Poverty alleviation requires a comprehensive approach that goes beyond economic framework. The research suggests that poverty in Pakistan needs to be seen as a state of multiple deprivations of fundamental human capabilities that the poor are facing simultaneously.
In this landmark study, SDPI team ranked districs of Pakistan on the basis of their multi-dimensional facets of poverty. The study provides the estimates of poverty over four dimensions i.e; education, health, living conditions and assests ownership. It provides a methodological framework for estimating multidimensional poverty in Pakistan, as an alternative to the traditional income/consumption based poverty measures, to take into account the multi-facet deprivations faced by the poor. It extends the analysis of poverty from national and provincial levels to the district level, hence broadens the information base for designing poverty reduction strategies in the context of post 18th Amendment scenario. It adds to the empirical literature on multidimensional poverty by employing MPI at the disaggregated district level data. So far, MPI approach has been employed for cross-country analysis. It identifies the poorest and the least poor districts within each province. All districts are ranked on the key measures of multidimensional poverty.
Lastly, the report identifies the geographic clustering of poverty in Pakistan. Within each province, districts with extreme poverty are concentrated in certain geographic regions and those with very low poverty in the others.
The study reinforces the need to adopt an integrated approach for addressing poverty. It provides a solution to the current controversy surrounding the official estimation of poverty for the last several years. . Given the figures of poverty in the study, the country needs to allocate a significant amount of its resources towards social sector.