Partner: Affiliated Network for Social Accountability – South Asia Region (ANSA-SAR)
Team Members: Muhammad Azhar, Fayyaz Yaseen
According to the latest Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement (PSLM) Survey 2008-09, the overall literacy rate in Pakistan is 57% (69% for male and 45% for female). Moreover, public spending as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is only 2.0%, the lowest in South Asia. Moreover, the literacy rate in urban areas (74%) remains much higher than in rural areas (48%). There is significant disparity in the literacy rate of both genders, with females having a low literacy rate of 45% while males have a literacy rate of 69%.
- Corruption and mismanagement in the administration of funds allocated for education
- Inadequate capacity to effectively plan and administer education sector delivery, at all levels of governance
- Lack of awareness in underdeveloped communities regarding importance of education
- Social and cultural norms that discourage female participation in education
- Poverty that encourages child labor at the expense of child literacy
While Islamabad may broadly appear as an urban setting, about half a million people live in the slum areas. SDPI intended to improve access to lower secondary education for children of school-going age in these slum areas (specifically Alipur Farash colony and Hansa Colony, G-8/1). Special emphasis was being given to female education.
SDPI focused on lower secondary/ middle school (Grade 6-8) since the male-female and urban-rural disparities increase in secondary education. Improving education in the slum areas provided a model to increased equity between different classes of society as well across the two genders. Education leads to better socioeconomic opportunities that ultimately reduced poverty and social inequality in Islamabad.
For this the M&E Unit screened three communities i.e. Hansa Coloney, Alipur and Farash Town to locate dropped out children and their families. More than 3000 households were screened in this survey. After screening, Dropped out children and their parents were interviewed to explore causes of drop outs. To compare this household equal number of school going children and their parent were interviewed. Teachers and managers were also interviewed from public schools.