Partner: Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relation (ICRIER)
Part of the regional project, Food Security in SAARC, funded by the Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), SDPI undertook the case study of Afghanistan in regards to food security. As with the case study on Pakistan, the study aimed to identify major issues relating to food security, to identify major initiatives and policies in combating food insecurity and to formulate a policy road map at the regional and national level.
The study issues a number of recommendations in combating food insecurity in the case of Afghanistan. The study recognizes that ethnic conflicts relating to natural resources must, as a first priority, be solved in order to begin to confront food insecurity in the country. Furthermore, increases in well-targeted investments should be made in the agricultural sector and especially in research and development of agro-food systems, while regulation of food market systems should be increased to control artificial scarcities and rent-seeking behavior. Further recommendations include the strengthening of social security and equity-based distribution systems for income, opportunities, employment and food. The study recommends that the distribution of food aid must be well targeted to avoid socially wasteful accumulation by powerful segments of Afghan society. Finally, the report recommends that Afghanistan should strengthen trade ties with regional countries and should lobby with regional countries for prompt establishment of a food bank sys-tem.