Partner: Heinrich Boll Stiftung (HBS)
Team Members: Shakeel Ahmed
Climate change impacts are evident in Pakistan as it faces multiple threats including adverse impacts on the mainstay of economy i.e. Agriculture, depleting sources of water such as changes in the reliability, frequency and hydrological yield of the monsoon and melting of the glaciers, which are the mainstay and provide the base flow for the rest of Pakistan. A sea level rise in the coastal areas of Pakistan pose a real threat to the livelihoods and the effects of changing tidal patterns especially with regard to spring tides is also a major threat. Moreover, the increased frequency and intensity of droughts are leading to drastic impacts on agriculture and livestock production. Studies in the recent past have shown the trend towards diminishing crops and their changing patterns most likely leading to greater food insecurity in Pakistan. Potential impacts on the health of the people, climate refuges, wide spread of disease and pests, loss of biodiversity etc would be other areas of major concern for Pakistan.
Despite the need for responding to climate change, the current policy framework and its implementation to address climate change in Pakistan fails to comprehensively tackle the issue. However, it is encouraging that the Government of Pakistan has taken some steps to address climate change. Pakistan is currently working on a series of policy responses to climate change including Climate Change Policy, Adaptation policies, NAMA, Energy policies etc. Moreover, it has established the National Task Force on Climate Change, which has been delegated the role of developing a National Climate Change Policy a draft of which has been circulated recently. It must be recognized, however, that the desired operation of any climate change policy would only follow if there are certain institutional arrangements already in place. The forthcoming National Climate Change Policy of Pakistan overlooks this dimension and fails to give an adequate provision for implementation of the policy.
SDPI believes that it is essential to provide a strategic framework for the institutional arrangements for implementation of the climate change policies in Pakistan. Under this initiative SDPI, with the support of HBS has created a framework on an initial analysis and evaluation of the existing systems as well as incorporating the demands placed by an ambitious climate change policy.
- to analyze of the policy on climate change,
- to review of institutional arrangements of a few selected countries
- to review institutional arrangements for the implementation of Climate Change Policy in Pakistan.
SDPI suggested that the main institutional framework should change and a “National Institutional Framework for Climate Change in Pakistan” should be set up.