Partners: International POPs Elimination Network (IPEN)
Time frame: September 2016 – March 2017
Team Members: Dr. Imran Saqib khalid, Ahmed Awais khaver
IPEN’s Global Lead Paint Elimination Campaign has conducted national paint studies with NGO partners in more than 30 countries, determining lead content of the paints on the national market. IPEN is now conducting new studies in numerous countries. SDPI is partnered with IPEN to conduct a national paint study in Pakistan.
IPEN’s global campaign goal is lead paint elimination by 2020.
Lead paint is a health hazard, especially for children under age 6. For this reason, almost all highly industrial countries imposed severe restrictions on the use of lead in paints 40 years ago and earlier. Paint companies in many low- and middle-income countries, however, continue to produce and sell paints with high lead content even though good quality, cost-effective, non-leaded paint ingredients are now widely available.
Over time, paint-coated surfaces wear, deteriorate and chip. If there is lead in the paint, the lead contaminates indoor dust and outdoor soil. Children get this contaminated dust and soil on their hands and they then ingest the lead through normal hand-to-mouth behaviour. Children also sometimes chew on paint chips or mouth lead-painted toys and furniture.
Lead exposure, especially in children under 6, interferes with normal brain development: the effects are lifelong and irreversible. These effects include intellectual impairment, problems with impulse control, and increased violent behavior. After the phase-out of leaded automotive fuels, lead in paint is now one of the largest sources of exposure to lead in children. 99% of children affected by exposure to lead live in low- and middle-income countries. More information about lead in a paint can be found at: http://ipen.org/toxic-priorities/lead
IPEN began its campaign to eliminate lead in paint in 2007. The campaign supports national and global efforts to establish regulatory controls on the lead content of paints. It works to eliminate all manufacture, import, export, sale and use of lead paint. For most countries, national lead-in-paint studies are a necessary first step toward planning and implementing national interventions aimed at eliminating lead from paint.
Objectives and Outcomes:
- Survey the brands of household paints on sale in Pakistan, prepare an overview of the results, and then purchase 24 to 50 cans of paint based on criteria and instructions provided by IPEN.
- Prepare samples of the purchased paints for analysis; prepare record sheets with specified information about the paints that were sampled; ship the samples and record sheets to IPEN for analysis.
- Prepare a survey of existing national laws, regulations, standards (voluntary or mandatory), and/or frameworks that might currently apply to the lead content of paints for sale and/or use in their country; identify any legal frameworks in force in their country that might permit a relevant ministry, agency or executive authority to establish legally-binding and enforceable regulatory controls on the lead content of paint.
- Provide an overview of the paint industry in Pakistan, including identifying major brands and market share, major areas where paint is manufactured, volume of paint sold annually, economic value of paint sold annually, and paint consumption
- Collaborate with the IPEN Lead Paint Team to prepare and release a national report that presents the results of the lead paint study and that presents also the case for lead paint controls and elimination.
- Collaborate with IPEN Lead Paint Team to reach out to various stakeholders, including paint industry leaders with the paint study results.
The samples have been finalized and will now be sent to laboratories in the United States and Sweden for analysis.
For more information: Ahmed Awais Khaver, Project Assistant