Locale: Islamabad, Rahim Yark Khan, Lahore, Tando Muhammad Khan, Karachi, Mardan, Zhobe and Muzaffarabad.
Team members: Gulbaz Ali Khan
The high rate of school drop-outs from school has become an increasing concern in Pakistan during the last few years. As such, only a few studies have been conducted to understand the nature and causes of dropout rates and the reason that children were never enrolled. The Human Development Foundation (HDF) conducted a national level survey for collection of background data in three geographical regions; federal capital, provincial capitals & districts and Azad Jammu & Kashmir. For a meaningful comparison a pool of HDF, government and private funded schools were selected. The selection of schools was made on the basis of a strong presence of HDF interventions in these regions. The scope of the survey was extended to eight regions, Islamabad, Rahim Yark Khan, Lahore, Tando Muhammad Khan, Karachi, Mardan, Zhobe and Muzaffarabad.
This study provided an overview of the major underlying causes of high school dropout. It differs from other studies, in its nature and extent as it has not only addressed causes of school drop outs across public, private and NGO funded schools but also the factors behind out of school or never enrolled children. Specific attention was given to four areas of concern, factors related to the child him/herself, the family, the school and society as a whole. Each of these factors was discussed in the light of quantitative as well as qualitative aspects.
The methodology adopted for this study was based on Desk Reviews, Focus Group Discussions and Key Informant Interviews and Case studies. The locus of the study was not confined to larger cities or urban regions rather baseline information was gathered from the rural households by utilizing available secondary resources.