Asset 1

Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

Managing Conflict through Trade: The Case of Pakistan and India

Year: 2008


Regional trade agreements (RTAs) mushroomed globally during the 1990s. Economic interdependence as a means to attain peace is becoming increasingly important, as the evolving global security paradigm grows weary of purely military solutions to inter and intrastate tensions. Despite the growing importance of an economic interdependence model, most of the existing literature is preoccupied with conducting a theoretical debate on the issue. There are relatively few attempts to test the theoretical premises through empirical studies.

This paper seeks to understand the trade conflict links in a bilateral context. It addresses the question whether economic interdependence between Pakistan and India is possible, and if such interdependence is likely to engender peaceful coexistence between the two. The Pakistan-India relationship is marred by perpetual tensions and intermittent conflict. A key conflict driver is the democracy deficit in Pakistan that ensures military’s predominance in foreign policy formulation and sustains the traditional national security paradigm. Directed rather than elected governance has stifled discourse on prevailing structural anomalies. The democracy deficit has reinforced other bilateral contentions. Political tensions have held trade relations hostage, and despite complementarities, trade flows are miniscule. While a number of trade agreements have been concluded, recurring political tensions have undermined these initiatives. In fact, progress on regional economic integration has been stymied by the strained relations between the two countries. Alternatively, bilateral trade agreements have proven to be better ‘negotiators’ of trade and peace, because they create minimum ripples on the regional political landscape.

The research is designed to stimulate debate at a time when there is a thaw in Indo-Pak relations and continued cooperative initiatives between the two countries can synergize the process of South Asian regional integration.

For More Information, Contact the Following Person:

Mahmood A. Khwaja