SDPI organized a series of brainstorming sessions and seminars to gather a multi-stakeholder perspective on what is at stake for Pakistan in the forthcoming (December 2009) UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen. Based on those consultations, SDPI prepared a document entitled ‘Negotiation Strategy of Pakistan for COP15 from Civil Society Perspective’.
The strategy paper discusses the negotiation strategy that Pakistan should follow in the context of the state of Pakistan’s economy, Pakistan’s developmental needs and their implications in terms of fossil fuel, green-house gas emissions in different sectors and vulnerability among and across different sectors and groups. The paper recommends a series of steps that Pakistan should undertake to devise affordable solutions for climate change challenges without compromising its development goals. The strategy is prepared keeping in view that COP15 in December 2009 is expected to cement global efforts on carbon emission reduction beyond 2012, when the commitments spelt out in the Kyoto Protocol expire. The outcomes of the negotiations will be a Copenhagen Protocol, or several binding decisions on addressing the challenge of climate change. Pakistan is a signatory to the Kyoto Protocol. It is also a signatory to the UNFCCC (United Nations framework Convention on Climate Change) as a non Annex 1 country, with no binding targets of carbon emission reduction.
The paper recognizes that Pakistan has not been able to develop a comprehensive inventory of greenhouse gas emission sources and sinks, or prioritize feasible mitigation and adaptation options. The strategy paper emphasizes a rationale that Pakistan should use in its defense during the Copenhagen Conference against any unjustified carbon emission control restrictions. The Paper also outlines an agenda on global cooperation for adaptation, including financial resources, technology transfer and investment in scientific research.