Asset 1

Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

Provincial Taxation Reforms in Pakistan

Partners: Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE)


  • Phase-1: January 2016 to July 2016
  • Phase-2: October 2016 till June 2017
  • Locale:Pakistan (Balochistan, KPK, Punjab, Sindh)

Team Members: 

  • Phase-1: Dr. Vaqar Ahmed, Muhammad Adnan, Danish Hasan
  • Phase-2: Dr. Vaqar Ahmed, Engr. Ahad Nazir, Rabia Manzoor, Syed Shujaat Ahmed, Khawaja Umer, Wahaj Afzal, Syed Fazal Hussain Bukhari


Conducting a brief situational analyses on the provincial tax reform efforts in Punjab and Sindh in order to take stock of the current fiscal efforts it is important to listen to the views of revenue authorities, business community, consumer groups and trade associations.
To study how coordination can be improved between provinces and the center for reducing transactions and compliance costs faced by tax payers
To make use of preliminary work conducted by CIPE and SDPI on tax reforms and to arrive at a tax harmonization methodology, through a multi-stakeholder dialogue that can be organized across provinces.


The provincial administrations have been entrusted with greater revenue mobilization responsibilities in a post‐18th Amendment milieu. Apart from the traditional taxes under provincial jurisdiction (e.g. property, transport and agriculture taxes), the sales tax on services is also under the provincial domain. Some provinces have also requested to devolve the control over federal excise collections.

The provincial governments in Punjab and Sindh have undertaken a medium term exercise towards provincial revenue mobilization reforms. However there are several features of tax policies that require harmonization across provinces. An inability to do so will imply that a business or individual operating in at least 2 or more provinces is prone to face double taxation, cascading and other implications that impact cost of doing business. Currently Punjab, Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa have different tax rates and tax bases (on services, property, agriculture and transportation). There are also definition issues across legislation dealing with provincial taxes.


I. Desk review and preparation of the draft model framework.
II. 4 Focus Group Discussions on Taxation Reforms in all provinces.

  • Quetta: October 2016
  • Peshawar: 21st December 2016
  • Karachi: 22nd March 2017
  • Lahore: 13th April 2017

III. Focus Group Discussion in Islamabad in October 2016.
IV. 10 Key Informant Interviews.
V. Preparation of Provincial Taxation Model/Framework.
VI. Op-ed article discussing taxation model.
VII. Public seminar held in Islamabad on final draft and model for taxation reforms.


  • 1st Phase: Complete
  • 2nd Phase: On Going