Partner: Heinrich Boll Stiftung (HBS)
Team Members: Shakeel Ahmed
Pakistan has been experiencing an acute shortage of energy across all sectors and the need for a reliable cost realistic sources and distribution of energy are paramount to the development of the country. Pakistan currently relies disproportionately on thermal power generation from local gas fields and expensive imported oil to fuel government and privately owned power plants. Policies in place for the reduction of green house gas (GHG) emissions and the promotion of alternative and in particular renewable energy have been reviewed along with the recently published Government sponsored Planning Commission Task Force Report on Climate Change.
The research has completed a general review of the renewable forms of energy available to Pakistan including, hydro, wind, biomass and biogas from wastes, solar and geothermal technologies was done. Hydropower both as macro and micro projects are well established and recognized as low cost reliable sources of power in Pakistan. Solar energy has great potential for meeting the energy needs of the country as does wind and geothermal sources. Pakistan is geographically located in one of the highest solar isolation areas in the world; it is also located on a geology associated with geothermal activity. Wind has the potential to play an important part of the energy supply mix, with wind corridors having been identified for wind farm development. The effects of current energy sources on the poor community were part of the study with particular emphasis on household air quality and how it affects women and children.
The project held a consultation stage with stake-holders from across a wide spectrum of users, environmental groups, developers, civil society and government, approached for their opinions and ideas for the development of these resources. The review of the institutional arrangements for the implementation of climate change policies was well underway with consultation being undertaken currently. Rationalization and implementation of the proposed institutional arrangements facilitated Pakistan’s ability to make use of various international funding opportunities to develop its renewable sources for a low carbon future.