Partner: East West center(Honolulu, Hawaii)
Duration: November 2011 to November 2013
With the growth of megacities across the Asian region has come the expansion of peri-urban areas and transition zones where urban and rural activities are juxtaposed and landscape features are subject to rapid modifications induced by human activities. Peri-urban areas occupy a large portion of national landscape and are home to hundreds of millions of people. They face unique problems, including intense pressures on resources, slum formation, lack of adequate services such as water and sanitation, poor planning, and degradation of farmland. These areas also face demands from users with contrasting lifestyles and conflicting interests. These demands range from agriculture to residential, industrial to commercial and the development of green belts to natural reserves. The management of peri-urban areas is often neglected by both rural and urban administrations because they are located beyond administrative boundaries of cities in zones that are generally not identified as specific entities of planning.
The subject of peri-urbanization needs immediate research. SDPI is working in collaboration with South Asia Consortium for Interdisciplinary Water Resources Studies (Hyderabad, India) and East-West Center (Honolulu, Hawaii) to study governance issues in peri-urban areas and what consequences peri-urbanization causes to environment and health. The area chosen for the study in Pakistan was Lahore while, in India, it was Hyderabad.
- To refine and expand a multi-faceted set of activities, including capacity building of community
- To collect and analyze data on the relative rural and urban nature of communities under investigation
- To explore problems and governance issues in select areas, and
- To develop a community of diverse researchers (young and senior, male and female) in the two countries to work collaboratively to integrate and analyze information and data showing the relative degree of rural, urban and peri-urban characteristics of select study areas.
- An inception workshop was held in Islamabad 2011, to chalk out the methodology and work plan for the project.Participants of this workshop included scholars, professionals experts from India, Pakistan and East West Center along with young students http://www.sdpi.org/policy_outreach/event_details95-2011.htm.
- The National Status Report has been finalized.
- A detailed analysis of secondary data was carried out to produce a study ‘Quantification of Urbancity’. This study examines various parts of Lahore to determine whether the vicinity is rural, urban or peri- urban.
- A survey with a sample size of 270 households was conducted at 9 different locations of Lahore to produce a third report which holds a cross country analysis within the themes of water, governance and food security to determine characteristics of peri urbanization.
- An inhouse seminar was held to disseminate the findings of National status report.
- Talk show on Peri-Urban Webinar
- Management of Peri-urban areas neglected by both rural and urban administrations
- Concept Note
- A cross-border dialogue on peri-urbanization trends in India & Pakistan was held through video conferencing. Students and young researchers participated and presented in the event.
- Pakistan and Indian teams mutually analyzed the data collected from both the countries. A dissemination workshop was held in Hyderabad, India, in which policy makers, media representatives and experts from both the countries participated.
- Peri-urban areas in Pakistan are characterized by their poor sanitation and hygiene conditions and a severe lack of infrastructural and institutional facilities. In both countries, particular characteristics specific to peri-urban areas can be chalked out to create an index of urbanicity.
- Keeping in mind the requirements and problems of peri-urban areas, which are different from urban and rural areas, the policy makers and city planners should take them separately. As the dynamics of peri-urban areas is changing constantly and growing rapidly, therefore, they should be given attention on immediate basis.