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Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

Thar Coal: Myths and Realities

Team Members: Engineer Arshad H. Abasi


Keeping in view the need for revisiting energy policies and highlighting the realities of Thar Coal Project, SDPI released a comprehensive report titled “Thar Coal: Myths and Realities, A revisit on NEPRA’s role in encouraging coal exploitation in Pakistan”.

The Sindh Arid Zone Development Authority (SAZDA) and the British Overseas Development Agency discovered the Thar Coal reserves in 1992. Thar Coal is generally of Lignite form, and it is credited as of a low-ranking coal type, which lies between coal and peat. The energy content of the lignite coal is 5,774 Btu/lb, moisture content is 46.77 per cent, ash content is 6.24per cent and sulphur content is 1.16 per cent. Due to its low energy density, Thar lignite is economically least beneficial for nation. The method involves converting coal into a combustible gas, which can be used for industrial heating, power generation or the manufacture of hydrogen, synthetic natural gas or diesel fuel. Coal used to produce gas would be a better alternative to it being used directly for electricity generation. Given the severity of the current gas crisis, coal could be better for this purpose.


The findings of the report suggest that NEPRA needs to benchmark its performance against the Indian Act of Electricity, which was promulgated in 2003. Provisions in the Indian Electricity Act 2003, specifically Section 86(1) (e), stress on the promotion of environmentally friendly benign policies, which promote cogeneration and generation of electricity from renewable sources of energy. The solution of energy crisis in Pakistan lies in cheap and green hydropower. Therefore, in order to ease Pakistan’s energy crisis, the immediate and long-term solution entails starting multi-purpose hydropower projects. These would help overcome the challenge of sustaining a positive economic growth, which is direly needed at the moment but also enable the water and energy sectors for further development.

The report initiated a debate on technical and financial viability of this project in media. The report, highlighting the facts and environmental costs associated with this project compelled the stakeholders to revisit the energy policy. The findings of the reports were endorsed in the technical review of this project done by Planning Commission of Pakistan upon the release of this report. The report was not only opted by USAID, NUST and Engineering University Peshawar but also endorsed by the Planning Commission of Pakistan.

For More Information, Contact the Following Person:

Abid Qaiyum Suleri