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Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

Number of Downlaods: 89

Published Date: Jan 5, 2021

Dynamic Relationship among Tax Evasion, Control over Corruption and Political Accountability: A Case Study of Pakistan

ABSTRACT
Public provisions and public resources are crucial for achieving the economic development of any economy. The government needs revenue in order to
provide these public provisions. Pakistan faces grave challenges to enhance its revenue targets. Tax evasion is one of the factors for this shortage of tax
revenues in Pakistan. Therefore, the study employs a co-integration approach to establish short term and long-term relationships between tax evasion,
governance (measured as control over corruption), and political accountability. Engle-Granger approach is used to measure ECM while Johansen
cointegration test is conducted for long-run relationships among the variables. The study explores that both the control over corruption and the political
accountability reduce tax evasion, while the lag value of tax evasion and tax evasion to GDP determines the behavior of taxpayers. Error correction term
shows that there is 22% speed of adjustment in the short run to restate the equilibrium while there is a weak long-run relationship among these variables.