Asset 1

Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

Number of Downlaods: 31

Published Date: Aug 1, 2001

A Integration of Economics into Pakistan’s Biodiversity Action Plan: a Case Study (W-65)

Shaheen Rafi Khan and Arif N. Pervaiz


An important economic reason behind the erosion of biodiversity is the underlying disparity between private versus social costs and benefits. Such divergence can arise because of intervention and market failures, which can be both biodiversity-specific and biodiversity-related and have relevance at the sector as well as project level. The term market failure also includes missing markets. This is the case with global warming, ozone layer depletion or species loss where global imperatives are not reflected in national policies. Conversely, as in the case of biopiracy (‘neem’, ‘basmati’ rice) multinationals present threats to indigenous biodiversity.

The focus of this paper is on the integration of economics into national biodiversity strategies. There are two related aspects to such integration. First, biodiversity needs to be valued explicitly to alert decision makers to the importance of sustainable resource use and to ensure that protection and conservation efforts are undertaken. Second, economic policies and measures are a key component of such efforts. Not only are they a logical consequence of valuation exercises but also their market linkages assure conservation gains in a relatively efficient manner.

An important corollary is that such policies and measures need not be restricted only to the biodiversity specific sectors, such as forestry, agriculture and rangelands. In some cases, such as in degraded water habitats (freshwater, marine), remedial measures can be sourced in sectors such as industry, households and energy, where the biodiversity linkages are indirect but equally important.

Pricing environmental goods and bads is politically unpopular because it cuts into rents enjoyed by powerful groups. Thus policy and pricing initiatives require strong institutional support. Key to this are environmental protection laws, regulatory and implementation measures, which focus both on innovation and equity. Legal and regulatory measures should define property rights and espouse participatory management principles, aimed at empowering communities. A precondition for instituting such rights and principles are consultative processes to ensure that they are enshrined adequately in the laws.