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Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

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Published Date: Apr 13, 2020

COVID-19 : Impact of Lockdown on SMEs.

The COVID-19 initially started form Wuhan city of China, which has now become a global pandemic. Till 9th April, 209 countries had been affected. The crisis has caused unprecedented health and economic costs worldwide. Measures to tackle Covid-19 spread, particularly lockdowns, are adversely affecting economic activity across the globe. One of the most vulnerable and severely-hit sectors is Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs).

The SMEs contribute around 55% of GDP in high income countries, 60% of GDP in low income economies and 70% of GDP in middle income economies, (Zafar & Mustafa 2017). A consensus is emerging that not all SMEs will be able to survive Covid-19 in the world. Pakistan is likely to suffer the same fate. SMEs have a vital role in Pakistan’s economy; they contribute around 40% to GDP, 40% to exports, 80% to non-agricultural employment, and 35% in total value additions (Shah 2018).

Hit by COVID-19, Pakistan, after one week of social distancing, is now under official lockdown since 23 March, which is extended till1 14th April, 2020. This policy review aims to assess the impact of lockdown on SMEs in Pakistan. Findings from two surveys conducted in China about impact of lockdown on SMEs are used to construct different scenarios for Pakistan.

This study projects the ratio of SEMs surviving one-month lockdown based on cashflows, decline in income of SMEs under lockdown, and jobs at risk. Given the poor state of SMEs sector’s- already sluggish growth, and higher costs of production, an impact stronger than China is expected for Pakistan even during lesser strict lockdown. This “higher side scenario” for Pakistan is calculated by multiplying impact of lockdown on SMEs in China by a factor of 1.25 i.e. 25% higher impact than China.

Key Messages:

  • Consensus exists that not all SMEs will be able to survive Covid-19, which is likely in Pakistan.
  • 1.14 to 1.42 million SMEs out of 3.8 million may face 50% decline in their income.
  • Based on their existing cashflows, around 0.76-0.95 million SMEs will not be able to survive one-month lockdown
  • 2.43 to 3.04 million SMEs in Pakistan may need assistance with in three months after one-month lockdown to resume business.
  • 4.75 to 9.50 million of non-agricultural jobs will be at risk after one month of lockdown.
  • SMEs need support beyond financial resources, like getting back to supply chains. Planning and policy to support SMEs in Pakistan need to think beyond access to finance. So far, policy makers in Pakistan seems to be assuming that Covid-19 will incur only financial losses.