Asset 1

Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

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Published Date: Jul 1, 1998

Cultural Invasion and Linguistic Politeness Among English-Using Pakistanis (R-19)

Tariq Rahman, SDPI


English is used in the domains of power–the bureaucracy, military, judiciary, academia, media and commerce–at the elitist level. Those who use English in connection with their work but are not as fluent in it as if it were a first language are generally people who were not educated in English medium schools or did not get much exposure to English at the informal level. Most middle level professional people, doctors, engineers, college and university lecturers, lawyers and civil servants belong to this category. The kind of English they use is formal, bureaucratic, somewhat old-fashioned and full of Pakistani idiomatic constructions, loan words from Pakistani languages and distinctive grammatical constructions. Their pronunciation too is influenced largely by their first languages (this variety of Pakistani English is described in Rahman 1991: 16-17). While these English-using Pakistanis do not speak English informally and spontaneously with each other as a matter of course, there is a small elite which does. This elite is generally educated in highly Anglicized Pakistani elitist schools where English is not only the medium of instruction but is also used by the pupils in informal domains . Some of these schools were traditionally run by the state on the lines of the aristocratic English public schools (Mangan 1987). Others were administered by the Roman Catholic clergy before the partition and even till the late seventies (such as Burn Hall, Abbottabad; Saint Mary’s, Rawalpindi and convents at Lahore, Murree etc); The armed forces (such as the Cadet Colleges at Hasanabdal, Pitaro, Kohat etc); and the Railways etc. Recently private entrepreneurs have opened chains of schools notable among them being Beaconhouse, City School and Froebels etc. The products of these schools, as well as the children of Pakistani immigrants in English-speaking countries, speak English spontaneously and socially. The immigrant children speak like the host community while the Pakistanis speak a sub-variety of Pakistani English which is nearer to British English than the sub-varieties used by other Pakistanis (see Rahman 1991: 16). This elite is called the ‘Westernized elite’ in this paper though it is not as homogeneous as such a label suggests. It is, in fact, in a state of transition from indigenous to Western norms of behaviour and some of its members use more of the latter than of the former.