Number of Downlaods: 13
Published Date: Jul 13, 2016
In 2014, South Asia, with its population of 1.7 billion, had experienced 6.9 per cent growth in its gross domestic product. In 2012, its poverty headcount ratio was 18.8 per cent (as per US$1.90 a day) and Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.607 in 2014. Estimates for 2014-16 suggest that close to 281 million people are undernourished in the region but the number has started to decline with a 56 per cent reduction overall.
Given these development challenges, South Asia is blessed with three resourceful Himalayan Rivers ” the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra, which sustain agricultural production and livelihoods of millions. However, reduced water flow, over exploitation of ground water, erratic rainfall and increased water contamination has delineated it as water scarce region.
Keeping this in mind, the DFAT, Australian Government has developed a regional programme titled Sustainable Development Investment Portfolio(SDIP) targeting the river basins of Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra encompassing Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The programme aims to contribute to increased water, food and energy security in South Asia to facilitate economic growth and improve livelihoods, targeting the poorest and most vulnerable, particularly women and girls.