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Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

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Published Date: Jan 1, 2001

Does Climate Change Matter in Pakistan? (W-58)

Shaheen Rafi Khan, SDPI


Pakistan is both energy deficient and energy profligate. These aspects define the energy-environment nexus and establish its national versus global context. Energy inefficiency tends to have direct and adverse environmental consequences. To the extent that Pakistan is energy deficient, — and this is almost a tautology — it falls in that category of developing countries which contribute relatively little to global warming but are vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Such vulnerability, however, is primarily rooted in socio-economic factors, with potential climate change impacts — either harmful or benign — being incremental in character. While this is true of secular impacts, extreme events (droughts, floods, storms) are presumed to have more far-reaching impacts and should be researched.

The paper has three related parts. The first part reviews patterns of energy consumption in Pakistan and the ensuing direct environmental impacts. The macro-indicators of energy consumption are examined and separated by their constituent elements, namely, by fuel source. The second part presents forecasts of energy demand. Collateral emissions are also estimated, reflecting global concerns. The third part examines biophysical and socio-economic impacts of climate change in Pakistan, with a focus on the three related sectors of water, agriculture and forestry.  Socio-economic vulnerabilities are juxtaposed with climate change impacts for a more holistic view of the problem.

The paper concludes with some observations on the North-South debate on climate change. In particular, it re-visits the issue of national versus global guilt and concludes that over the next half century the potential impacts of climate change on the economy will largely be governed by national policies affecting Pakistan’s demography, agriculture, infrastructure, forest resources and health.