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Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

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Published Date: Dec 3, 2013

Draft Study: Reforming Tax System in Pakistan


1.       Taxes matter. Taxes affect citizens, economy of the country, businesses, governance mechanisms,  etc.  Not  only revenue  mobilisation,  an effective  system  of taxation  helps  in formalising  the economy,  encourages  economic  growth,  shapes  political  cohesion  between tiers of the Government, and results in increase in social sector service delivery.

2.       A   good   tax   system   should   be   fair,   adequate,   simple,   transparent,    and administratively easy to adopt and comply. Fairness means that the tax should be equitable – i.e. it should apply to everyone and must not distinguish between different taxpayers. It is important  that taxpayers  believe  that they are treated  equally.  Ideally,  taxpayers  in similar financial condition should pay similar amounts in taxes. Taxpayers who are better off should pay  at least  the  same  proportion  of income  in taxes  as those  who  are less well  off.  The government  should  not become  a burden  on low-income  residents.  Tax system  should  be adequate – i.e. taxes must provide enough revenue to meet the basic needs of society. Tax system  should  be  transparent,  which  means  that  taxpayers  and  leaders  can  easily  find information about the tax system and how tax money is used. Information should be available (in broad terms) on who pays the tax and who benefits from tax exemptions, deductions, and credits.  Administrative  ease means that the tax system is not too complicated  or costly for either taxpayers or tax collectors. Rules are well known and fairly simple, forms are not too complicated, it is easy to comply voluntarily.

3.       Pakistan needs considerable efforts to improve its system of taxation. Based on the above characteristics of a good taxation system, there is a considerable room for improvement in terms of both the tax-policy and tax-administration. The tax base is currently narrow, there is limited  capacity  of the state to extract  taxes, informal  economy  has grown,  compliance ratios are reducing, and there is a need to improve tax administration.

4.       Pakistan’s tax system cannot be termed as fair as there are wide exemptions and preferential  treatments  available  to  certain  segments  of  the  society,  while  negligible amounts  are  collected  through  taxes  on  agriculture,  capital  gains,  and  immovable property.  The  general  perception  is  that  the  Government  is  a  burden  on  low-income residents. L</