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Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

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Published Date: Nov 13, 2020

E-Cigarettes in Pakistan

Overview
Though introduced in the year 2006 in the USA,1 the product was first launched two years before in China.2 With a total market volume of US$6.245 billion in 2020, most of the revenue for the E-Cigarettes is generated in the United States whereas Pakistan’s share is a whopping $61.3 million.3 Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) is the umbrella term used for the electronic smoking products and includes e-cigarettes, vapes, vape pens, etc.4 ENDS are the devices that heat the liquid containing nicotine to create an inhalable aerosol. The products vary in shape, size, function, and price, ranging between low-cost disposable devices to large refillable tanks. E-Cigarettes also vary with regard to nicotine dosage, flavours, emissions, design, battery voltage, and unit circuitry5, 6. Additionally, the open systems in E-Cigarettes contain a refillable tank whereas the closed systems are either disposable or a prefilled cartridges can be added to such devices.7 Juul, Vype and Blu are some of the examples.
Similarly, as per WHO 8, the Heated Tobacco Products (HTPs) or Heat-no-Burn (HnB) products use a device to heat the tobacco and other chemicals to produce the aerosol. They have been available in the market since 1980. These are the specially designed cigarette-pods or plugs such as ‘heat sticks’ or ‘neo sticks’, which are designed to heat the tobacco to 250 to 300 degrees Celsius compared to the conventional cigarette burning at 900 degrees and producing many toxicants.9
E-Cigarettes and HTPs are often described as ‘novel products’, ‘alternative products’, ‘emerging products’, or ‘next-generation products’10. The emergence of hybrid tobacco products blurs the difference between the HTPs and E-Cigarettes, making its regulation and control further challenging especially in the Low-to-Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). As argued by WHO 11, these products are also classified as Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) and Electronic Non-Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENNDS).