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Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) 2020 launched                    111,75 Think Tanks across the world ranked in different categories.                SDPI is ranked 90th among “Top Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)”.           SDPI stands 11th among Top Think Tanks in South & South East Asia & the Pacific (excluding India).            SDPI notches 33rd position in “Best New Idea or Paradigm Developed by A Think Tank” category.                SDPI remains 42nd in “Best Quality Assurance and Integrity Policies and Procedure” category.              SDPI stands 49th in “Think Tank to Watch in 2020”.            SDPI gets 52nd position among “Best Independent Think Tanks”.                           SDPI becomes 63rd in “Best Advocacy Campaign” category.                   SDPI secures 60th position in “Best Institutional Collaboration Involving Two or More Think Tanks” category.                       SDPI obtains 64th position in “Best Use of Media (Print & Electronic)” category.               SDPI gains 66th position in “Top Environment Policy Tink Tanks” category.                SDPI achieves 76th position in “Think Tanks With Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program” category.                    SDPI notches 99th position in “Top Social Policy Think Tanks”.            SDPI wins 140th position among “Top Domestic Economic Policy Think Tanks”.               SDPI is placed among special non-ranked category of Think Tanks – “Best Policy and Institutional Response to COVID-19”.                                            Owing to COVID-19 outbreak, SDPI staff is working from home from 9am to 5pm five days a week. All our staff members are available on phone, email and/or any other digital/electronic modes of communication during our usual official hours. You can also find all our work related to COVID-19 in orange entries in our publications section below.    The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) is pleased to announce its Twenty-third Sustainable Development Conference (SDC) from 14 – 17 December 2020 in Islamabad, Pakistan. The overarching theme of this year’s Conference is Sustainable Development in the Times of COVID-19. Read more…       FOOD SECIRITY DASHBOARD: On 4th Nov, SDPI has shared the first prototype of Food Security Dashboard with Dr Moeed Yousaf, the Special Assistant to Prime Minister on  National Security and Economic Outreach in the presence of stakeholders, including Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Provincial and district authorities attended the event in person or through zoom. The dashboard will help the government monitor and regulate the supply chain of essential food commodities.

Number of Downlaods: 13

Published Date: Oct 13, 1999

Environmental Impacts and Mitigation Costs of Cloth and Leather Exports from Pakistan(M-12)

Shahrukh Rafi Khan
A. Khwaja
Abdul Matin Khan
Haider Ghani and Sajid Kazmi


Pakistan, like many other poor Southern countries, is
currently in a double bind. On the on hand, it finds that the rich countries
are being very slow in implementing the Uruguay Round trade agreements in
liberalizing imports, particularly in sectors such as textiles and agriculture
which are of interest to Pakistan. On the other hand, the world trade scenario
is changing, independently of the sway of the WTO, as governments and
businesses respond to consumer preferences for ecologically friendly production
and consumption and set and impose environmental standards. Thus, even the
goods currently being exported are increasingly being expected to meet
stringent environmental standards.
Poor countries now feel that while it suited the North,
they preached consumer sovereignty and confronted them with the “let the market
decide” rhetoric. Now that several countries in the South have acquired
comparative advantage in manufactured goods, the North is hiding behind
environmental barriers to protect their industries, and forgetting the market
ideology they preached.
The issue is not quite as simple as it seems. If standards
are responding to consumer preferences in the North, than the market ideology
still prevails, and Northern consumers in effect chose to consume goods that
are produced by cleaner methods rather than those which are cheaper. However,
Southern countries may need to be wary of protectionist use of environmental
standards by rich country governments rather than those dictated by the market.
In such cases, they should lobby via the WTO to ensure that the old time market
rule of consumers’ sovereignty prevails, particularly now that this benefits
the poor countries.