Number of Downlaods: 41
Published Date: Jun 2, 2020
Hybrid Warfare: Countering the Impending Threats (PB – 71)
Hybrid warfare is not a new concept. What is new is the emergence of high Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). It is the expansion of cyberspace and the availability of the Internet for all. This has made it very economical and easy to launch anti-state movements in target countries through propaganda, fake news, espionage, and terrorism. Besides, the hybrid actors can remain below the threshold of detection till the movement is well underway. Hybrid war is planned and executed in three phases: first the Color Revolution which is anti-state movement indigenously organized but influenced through external acts; second phase is cyber war which employs ICTs to disrupt critical functions of the state by attacking infrastructures, websites, command and control systems and economic and financial institutions’; third, the Unconventional Warfare that is, activities and actions of the hybrid actor to take advantage of the ongoing color revolution to add to the momentum by organizing guerrillas and auxiliary forces to overthrow the government. The momentum built through phases is then carried forward by the culminating phase, the Hybrid Warfare. The final phase is the synchronized use of multiple instruments of power to exploit vulnerabilities of the target state. The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
This policy brief, in addition to explaining how the above phases evolve and roll out, will also cover the exploitable vulnerabilities and how the hovering threats of hybrid warfare can be mitigated. It also briefly covers challenges that Pakistan faces. Finally, some portent recommendations are offered.