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Number of Downlaods: 21

Published Date: Jul 29, 2011

Institutional Arrangements for Climate Change in Pakistan (PP – 19)

 

Project
Leader: Shakeel Ahmad Ramay
Lead Author: Farrukh Iqbal Khan
Assistant: Sadia
Munawar

Executive Summary:

As
a country particularly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change, Pakistan cannot
afford to ignore the threat it poses to its economy and socio-political
stability. To date, despite overwhelming evidence of this threat, Pakistan’s
response has been poor. Put simply, the issue of climate change is not captured
in the country’s overall economic planning.

Integrating
climate change concerns in our national economic strategies necessitates both a
national climate change policy and institutional arrangements, for implementing
it.

While
building upon and learning from the existing situation, this paper aims at
suggesting a possible approach at evolving an institutional arrangement, which
is holistic, as well as representative of relevant stakeholders and concerns
and able to avert, arrest and reverse the adverse impacts of climate change on Pakistan.

The
institutional arrangement proposed in this paper also addresses three important
functions i.e. policymaking, implementation and financing. It proposes to
allocate these three functions to distinct entities in the system to ensure
check and balance; avoid any conflict of interest; and to ensure that none of
the proposed entities is either over burdened or is over-powerful to

the
determinant of the objective of addressing the risks and threats that climate
change poses to Pakistan.

Specifically,
it proposes that the Prime Minister’s Committee on Climate Change (PMCCC) which
has remained moribund be revitalized. The proposed PMCCC should now be institutionalized
as an apex body through a legislative mandate to integrate the effects of climate
change and responses to them in the overall national planning and economic policymaking.
Underneath PMCCC, there is a need to create a robust institutional set up both at
the federal and provincial levels. The federal level structure, comprising a National
Authority on Climate Change (NACC), should report directly to the PMCCC. A
trimmed down but similar structure comprising Provincial Authorities on Climate
Change or PACC should also be established to report to the PMCCC through NACC.
The paper also proposes that the NACC should be established through a
legislative mandate to deal with normative aspects of mitigation, adaptation,
and Reduced Emission from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) cross cutting
issues such as finance and technology as well as intergovernmental negotiations
under the aegis of the UN and UNFCCC.

Given
that the carbon market will continue to play a significant role in generating resources
and facilitating transfer of technology, this paper proposes to establish a
National Mitigation and Clean Development Council, with balanced representation
from both the public and the private sector, to enable Pakistan to fully
benefit from carbon trading.

Finally,
it is proposed that Pakistan
establish a Green Climate Change Fund with seed money of approximately US $ 20
Million. This independent climate fund should be administered through a Board
of 25 members comprising key stakeholders, serviced by a secretariat and a Trustee.
The establishment of this fund and its autonomous structure would ensure
necessary policy cohesion in management and leveraging of available and
prospective funding, both national and international, to mainstream mitigation
and adaptation programmes and projects into national development strategies and
plans at the country level.