Number of Downlaods: 30
Published Date: Nov 1, 2001
Nusrat Sultana Chaudhry
The multinational corporations (MNCs) are heavily investing in production of seeds, plant varieties and inputs like fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides to monopolize the market. The hybrid and transgenic seeds do not have regenerative abilities. Moreover, the intellectual property rights (IPRs) and plant breeders’ rights (PBR) laws deprive the farming community of the right to share, store, reuse or sell its seed. This paper discusses the impacts of the IPRs and the proposed PBR law; and explains how modern technology has been increasing cost of production and resulting in biological uniformity and monocultures, which are hazardous for human health and environment.
The notion of trade liberalization is actually a mockery of free trade, which strengthens the monopoly powers of the MNCs at the cost of the economic development of the developing countries. The MNCs have monopoly over supply of sunflower seed (77.15%) and would create monopolies in supply of seeds of maize, fodder and forages in the short run.
The paper suggests that Pakistan’s PBR Act must be made in accordance with the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD). It should be farmers’ friendly and protective of their rights. Pakistan must not join UPOV, which is selling itself as a readymade sui generis system.