Number of Downlaods: 29
Published Date: Dec 10, 2010
Globally, policies regulating cross border movements have changed extensively. During last few decades, the global labor market maneuvering due to internal and external economic shocks, political resentments in hosting countries and changing skill demands drastically influenced the labor immigration policies of receiving countries. Once encouraging expatriates by opening their borders, now the labor hosting countries consider their immigration levels very high and are attempting to lower the numbers of ‘un-wanted’ expatriate workers by making working environments un-attractive for immigrant workers already employed. This situation has led to negative implications for the living as well as working conditions of immigrant workers, especially those with limited education and low level skills. These conditions are particularly affecting a large segment of Pakistani emigrant workers, mainly in Gulf countries.
However, despite all these difficulties, remittances sent by Pakistani emigrant workers are a major source of this country’s economic life line. Yet, evidence also shows negligible progress in the lives of emigrants’ families who are left behind and lack of government development initiatives to acknowledge their hardships. There need to be substantial changes in national policies and management systems for better protection of the vulnerable in the migration process.
In this context, this paper aims to evaluate Government of Pakistan’s proposed National Emigration Policy (GoP 2009) to assess the extent of the policy compliance with the rights and concerns of emigrants and their family members. The structure of this paper consists of four main sections. Section 1 provides briefly the global and specifically Pakistani emigration scenario. Furthermore, in this section information on vulnerabilities of emigrants and their families also gives an insight about the current situation. The contents of this part are important as they set the scene for the construction of the analysis for the review of Pakistan’s Emigration Policy draft. Section 2 of this review provides overview of forthcoming policy. The three sub-sections categorically outline the genesis/rationale for the Emigration Policy formulation and specifics about the current and future emigration prospects and strategies for intending Pakistani emigrants with protection and welfare measures for emigrants and their family members. Section 3 examines the contents of proposed Emigration Policy. Section 4 offers a set of proposals to address the issues identified in order to strengthen and improve the country’s national emigration policy.